Ramesses II's Sons
Tomb of - Valley of the Kings (KV5)
About the Tomb KV5
The tomb KV5 belongs to the sons of Ramesses II. The tomb is a subterranean, rock-cut tomb located in the main wadi of Valley of the Kings in Egypt. The excavation began as early as 1825, which was done by Kent R.Weeks team. The tomb KV5 is known to be the largest one in the Valley of the Kings. It’s believed that the tomb dates back to the 18th dynasty and was the burial place of the principal sons of Ramesses II.
The large size of the Tomb
The excavation of the tomb is still in progress and till now 121 corridors and chambers have been revealed. Since KV5 has a bilaterally symmetrical section, it’s assumed that the number of chambers can go up to 150 when further excavation progresses. The chamber 3, which is pillared inside this tomb, is the largest chamber any tomb has in the whole valley.
The decoration of KV5
It’s said that at least six royal sons of Ramesses II were buried in this tomb, as more than twenty scenes of sons can be seen on the walls, there may be even more who were interred in the KV5. The decoration in the tomb consists of scenes from the Opening of the Mouth ritual and representations of Ramesses II, the princes and the deities.
The Discovery of the Tomb
The tomb is believed to have been robbed in antiquity and is the one that was mentioned in a papyrus in the Turin Museum of Egypt. The tomb is said to have remained lost from history until the discovery in modern times. The tomb was excavated by James Burton in the year 1825. The tomb was rediscovered after being lost by Howard Carter in the year 1902. However, the actual discovery was made in the year 1987 during the Theban Mapping Project. In a short period of time the team rediscovered the entrance to tomb KV5, little knowing the scale of the find that they had made and how many years of work that they would have ahead of them.
It was only in the year 1995 that the team was stunned to discover the long corridors, lined rooms that were around seventy in number that ran back into the hillside. The discovery amazed the world and reignited the Egyptology interest among people. The findings till now include thousands of ushabiti, potsherds, glass vials, faience beads, hieratic ostraca, inlays and a large statue of the god of the afterlife, Osiris.
The overall plan of KV 5 is unique and a change in the principal axis after chamber 3 was seen. The plan of this tomb is different from any other royal tomb found in the valley. The pillared chamber 3 has sixteen pillars, which is much more than any other chamber in the Valley of the King. The size of the tomb is another remarkable feature and also the sculpted figure of Osiris at the end of corridor 7 is amongst the other distinct features associated with the tomb KV5.