Tomb of - Valley of the Kings (KV7)
Ramesses II, was the third ruler of the New Kingdom Period or the 19th Dynasty. He was born in 1303 BC and he was often referred as Ramesses ‘the Great’. He is believed to have been in the biblical story of Moses, adding more importance to his fame in history.
The Tomb KV 7
KV7 tomb in the Valley of the Kings is the burial place of the Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh, Ramesses II. The tomb is located opposite to the tomb KV5 and KV8, which are tombs of his son and successor and Merneptah’s tomb, respectively. KV7, unlike other tombs has an unusual location and was badly damaged by recurring floods in the valley.
Design of the tomb KV7
The tomb KV7 sticks to the bent-axis plan seen in all the old tombs and the entrance to the tomb is in the Valley floor dug into the limestone hillside at Theban. Located in the main wadi, this is among the larger tombs of the area, having three sloping corridors, a well chamber, a pillared chamber, and two side chambers. A decent in the center and two more corridors lead to another chamber, where a change of axis to the right can be seen, which ends in the burial chamber.
Decoration inside the KV 7 consists of scenes from the Book of the Gates, Book of the Dead, Book of the Heavenly Cow, Imydwat, Litany of Ra, Opening of the Mouth Ritual. Also scenes of the king and deities were seen with representations of many funerary objects in the burial chamber.
The decorative plan depicts two new features, which are jambs of the first gate and the lintel. The plan basically shows similarities with the tomb of Seti I, KV 17. The most remarkable feature of KV 7 is its location, which is in the lower part of the main wadi. Several innovations in the architecture and decorations were also noted, one amongst them was the bent axis tomb plan and the decorated gate.
The Present Situation
The choice of tomb location was somehow the reason for the damage the same saw due to recurring floods. The mummy of the king was relocated in DB320 to the mummy cache and it’s said that tomb KV 7 was reused in the Roman periods and the Third Intermediate for burials. The floods have damaged even the underlying shale where swelling due to moisture is seen. All this has perhaps made this tomb of once the greatest of rulers, unsuitable for excursion by the tourists.
Not many funerary equipments were found in the tomb, just few of which could be excavated were a wooden shabtis, a damaged cast bronze shabti, fragmentary shawabty, fragments of statues, fragments of faience, bits of glass, calcite and limestone lids of vessels and other fragments.
A robbery of Ramesses' tomb was the subject of a well known papyrus known as the Strike Manuscript, which dates back to the 28th year, during the rule of Ramesses III. The mummy of Ramesses II was not found in his tomb.