Tausert and Setnakht
Tomb of - Valley of the Kings (KV14)
The tomb KV14 in the Valley of the Kings
The tomb KV14 in the Valley of the Kings at the west bank of Luxor in Egypt is said to be the final resting place of Tausert and Setnakht. The tomb and the story behind it seem to be among the most unusual things in this valley. KV 14 is said to be one of the largest tombs in the valley having two burial chambers that are complete.
The story behind the tomb’s construction and ownership
The tomb was originally constructed for Tausert who was a queen and wife of Sethos II. The construction here is shown in four different phases. The first phase shows Tausert as a queen simply, second phase of construction took place under the reign of ruler Siptah. Later on when Queen Tausert ascended the throne she ordered changes in the tomb to reflect the royal stature.
Another part of the story says that Setnakht who was the father of Ramesses III was ordered to be buried in the Tomb of Tausert rather than the one intended for him. Ramesses III took the tomb KV 11, intended for Setnakht to be called as his own tomb. The tomb is thus unique as almost all pharaohs buried in the valley had their own tombs except Setnakht who was buried in a tomb which was constructed for Tausert.
The tomb plan
The tomb KV14 had an entranceway that was followed by three corridors that led into a ritual shaft that ended into a small non-pillared hall. The fourth chamber was followed by a small antechamber and then the first burial chamber having many annexes. After this chamber were many more annexes and then two other corridors that finally ended into the second burial chamber, this chamber too had four annexes and a corridor, the chambers in both burial chambers are eight in number.
Remarkable features of the tomb
KV14 is totally unique in being a queen’s tomb initially, which was later on used for the burial of a king. The presence of two finished burial chambers, the thickness of gates before the first burial chamber is also rare. The beginning of a third burial chamber that was later on abandoned is also rare. The presence of a side camber is also remarkable.
Decorations inside the tomb
The images of Tausert before the deities have somehow been usurped in order to show a king rather than the queen. These images are believed to be the only ones where changes were made for Setnakht, the decorative plan of the tomb otherwise remained unchanged. The only exception was places where the queen’s name appeared where the same was plastered and repainted to show Setnakht’s name and image.
The text from Book of the Dead, Opening of the Mouth Ritual, Book of the Gates, Book of Caverns and more can be seen on the walls. The ceiling meanwhile was decorated in an astronomical pattern.