The various rulers of Egypt
Egypt in northern Africa s located along the red Sea and Mediterranean Sea. The country has its capital at Cairo and is largely popular due to its ancient history, deserts and pyramids. The long ancient history of Egypt shows evidence that settlement here began even before 5000 years. During the ancient Egypt era many pyramids were built and most popular among these is the Pyramids of Giza constructed during the 4th dynasty.
The last Pharaohs of Egypt were defeated and dethroned when Persian invasion took place in 525 BCE, after which Alexander the Great conquered the same. After this, the Arab invasion began in Egypt whose influences can still be witnessed in the country.
After Arab, the entry of Ottoman Turks began who continued ruling the place till 1882, after which the Napoleon rule followed, but only for a short duration. In 1863, began the growth of Cairo as a modern city when Ismail came to power and remained so till 1879. During his reign, the Suez Canal was built in 1869.
After Ottoman’s rule ended in Egypt, the British stepped in and kept the area occupied till 1922 only after which the country was declared independent. Egypt was used as an operational base by U.K. during the World War II. In 1952, began another turmoil of social instability and clashes between different political parties to take control of the area. In June 1953, the country was declared as a republic when Lt. Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser became its leader.
Egypt is a republican country with the government consisting of the chief of state and the prime minister. The legislative branch here has a bicameral system including the People’s Assembly, and the Advisory Council. The judicial branch in Egypt consists of the Supreme Constitutional Court and is divided into 29 governorates for local administration.
Egypt: geography and climate
The topography of Egypt majorly consists of the desert area and the eastern part is covered by the Nile River valley. The highest point in Egypt is at Mount Catherine while the lowest is at the Qattara Depression. The total land area of Egypt is 386,662 square miles, which makes Egypt the 30th largest country on the planet.
Climate in Egypt usually remains hot due to the desert area and the summers are dry while the winters are mild. The average temperature that you can notice at the country’s capital during the month of July is 35˚C and the lowest during January can be recorded at 9˚C.
The economy and land use in Egypt
The economy of Egypt is developed and mostly relies on agriculture that is restricted to the Nile river valley. The major agricultural produce of the country include corn, cotton, rice, wheat, fruits, beans, vegetables cattle, sheep, water buffalo and goats. The other industries majorly seen here are of food processing, textiles, chemicals, hydrocarbons, pharmaceuticals, metals, cement and light manufacturing. Tourism plays a great part in shaping Egypt’s economy and is a leading contributor here.
The Greek historians referred Egypt as the gift of the Nile, as Nile, which is the longest river of the world is also a life-giving water source for the country on which rely the drinking water and irrigation requirements here majorly. The ancient Egyptians built there civilizations here which has known to lasted for not few years, but three millennia. During this era Egypt gathered its rich history due to the construction of many monuments and historical buildings which have helped the country in gaining such widespread popularity all across the globe.
Egypt in the modern era
The government in Egypt still struggles due to the economic reforms even with the beginning of the 21st century and requires massive investment in the infrastructure and communication sectors. There have been immense protests and large number of turmoil in Egypt in past few years due to the political uncertainties, but Egypt has managed to rise above it all and is again gaining its lost grip in the tourism sector that is known globally.
Even with everything else, Egypt still manages to remain as one of the most popular destinations among history lovers, archeologists and tourists that flock here from all across the globe to have rendezvous with such rich history that just few countries on the globe possess.
The Egypt map thus seems to have seen a lot of drift and changes right from the ancient Egypt era to what the country has become in today’s times, with lots of ups and downs and a lot more which the land here stands witness of till today.
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