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    Egypt's second largest city (3.5 million people), its largest seaport and the country's window onto the Mediterranean Sea. No city in Egypt has history as rich as that of Alexandria which witnessed so many historic events and legends!
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    Luxor hosts one third of the whole monuments and antiquities of the world. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important tourism spots in Egypt and maybe in the whole world.
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    Aswan is the 3rd largest city in Egypt and the biggest in Upper Egypt. Aswan was the ancient Egyptians' gateway to Africa. Today Aswan is major stop for may Nile cruise ships depart from Luxor to Aswan everyday.
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    Hurhgada

    Hurghada

    Hurghada today is a world centre for sea sports such as diving, snorkelling, sailing, windsurfing, and deep-sea fishing. The unique offshore underwater gardens are justifiably famous amongst divers

The Pyramids of El Lisht

The Pyramid of Amenmehat I ‎

This pyramid is built by Amenmehat I ‎ who changed the governing system of Egypt to be more centralized, ‎Amenmehat I changed the capital of Egypt from Thebes where his ancestors ruled in ‎the South and established a new city that was situated somewhere to the North to be ‎in the middle between Upper Egypt in the South and Lower Egypt in the North. ‎

Due to the fact that all the rulers of Egypt who belonged to the 12th dynasty have ‎constructed pyramids and funerary structures near the Oasis of El Fayoum, most ‎probably the new capital of Amenmehat I was also located near that region. ‎

This was why Amenmehat I constructed his so called pyramid near a village titled El ‎Lisht, situated to the South of the Dahshur Pyramids complex constructed by mainly ‎by king Senefru, the father of King Cheops who constructed the Grand Pyramid in ‎Giza, ‎

The Pyramid of Amenmehat in El Lisht is also located near Meidum, the location of ‎the first pyramid of King Senefru that turned out to be a failure attempt at the end ‎after the pyramid collapsed during the building process

Most probably the location of the new Capital of Amenmehat was located near his ‎pyramid because the kings of ancient Egypt always wanted to construct their ‎funerary complexes near their cities to enable the people to view his greatness ‎reflected in his constructions. ‎

Seems that Amenmehat I wanted to imitate the great kings of the Old Kingdom, that ‎were nicknamed as the pyramids builders by many historians and this was why he ‎established his capital near theirs in Memphis and he constructed his pyramid in the ‎same style and architecture. ‎

However, unfortunately due to the lack of the skillful builders and maybe the lack of ‎the resources as well, the Pyramid of Amenmehat I in El Lisht looked more like the ‎poor shaped pyramids constructed by the Pharaohs of the 6th dynasty.‎

The Construction and the Design of the Pyramid of El Lisht ‎

At the time when greater kings like Cheops and his father Senefru formed the base ‎of their pyramids with huge blocks of stones in order to preserve their huge ‎structures, the base of the pyramid of Amenmehat I in El Lisht was combined from ‎many substances that includes smaller blocks of stone, sand, mud, and debris. ‎

Moreover, some historians assert that Amenmehat I brought most of the substances ‎he used to construct his pyramid from other funerary complexes built by the ‎Pharaohs of the Old Kingdom as he took some of the falling stones of the Pyramids ‎of Cheops and Khafre and this was why his pyramid never survived in the great way ‎like the other pyramids.‎

As a matter of fact, it was rather weird that a king would direct his attention to the ‎North in order to search for rocks and limestone as it was well known in ancient ‎Egypt that these substances were brought from quarries in the South.‎

Scholars have debated the reason why Amenmehat took some substance for the ‎construction of his pyramid from the necropolis of Giza. Some of them noted that ‎maybe taking some stones from the older pyramids would make Amenmehat more ‎legitimate to become the king of Egypt and to show off his power to his people.‎

The Design and the Plan of the Pyramid of El Lisht

The internal plan of the pyramid of Amenmehat is rather plain with the entrance ‎inside the pyramid being located in the Northern section of the structure and on the ‎ground level, the same as the pyramids that were erected during the Old Kingdom.‎

Inside the pyramid, there is a passageway that leads downwards towards the center ‎of the structure that was situated below the ground level in a brilliant idea initiated ‎by the architect who planned the pyramid. ‎

The same as all the kings who constructed pyramids in ancient Egypt, Amenmehat ‎tried his best to prevent thieves to steal his valuable belongings that he put inside the ‎pyramid and this was why he put huge blocks of stone at the end of this passageway ‎to deceive thieves and stop them from entering the pyramid. ‎

A perpendicular tunnel slide down from the chamber in the middle of the pyramid ‎towards the royal burial chamber of Amenmehat I, located below deep inside the ‎ground even below the ground water level and this has stopped thieves from entering ‎the burial chamber for a very long period of time but actually nothing was ‎discovered when the pyramid was excavated in modern times.‎

Amenmehat, the same as the kings of the Old Kingdom, had constructed a mortuary ‎temple near his pyramid in El Lisht and it was located under his pyramid.

 

pyramid of Eleisht

It was recorded in some historian texts that the mortuary temple of Amenmehat I ‎located near the village of El Lisht was situated to the East of the pyramid and two ‎passageways linked it to the valley temple, in the same design of the pyramids ‎constructed beforehand. ‎

Surrounding the whole complex, there were two huge walls; the outer one was ‎constructed mainly of mud while the inner one that protected the pyramid and the ‎mortuary temple was stronger and it was constructed using limestone in order to ‎protect the pyramid against thieves. ‎

pyramid of Eleisht

Located near the pyramid, enclosed by the outer wall, there are many "Mastaba" ‎tombs, constructed only of one layer of mud bricks, which belonged to many royal ‎family members like the mother of Amenmehat, some of his wives, and some of his ‎daughters.‎

The Pyramid of Senosurt I in El Lisht

When Senosurt I, the son of Amenmehat, became the king of Egypt in 1965 BC, he ‎followed the steps of his father in many aspects as he kept the capital of Egypt in the ‎North and he constructed his pyramid near that of his father.

pyramid of Eleisht

The base of the pyramid of Senosurt I was around 100 meters in width with a height ‎that was estimated to be around 60 meters and this was why the pyramid was said to ‎be the largest to be constructed in Egypt since the reign of the 4th dynasty, the one ‎that had great pyramid builders like Senefru and Cheops, which ruling period ended ‎in around the middle of the 25th century BC.

Although the Pyramid of Senosurt I seemed to be a great structure when it was first ‎built in the beginning of the 20th century BC, nothing remains of this pyramid today ‎except a large pile of sand and ruins while the base still has its original limestone. ‎

The inner structure of the pyramid of Senosurt I was all constructed with strong ‎limestone and maybe this was why it is the only item of the pyramid that remained ‎in a good shape until today while the rest of the pyramid fell down with long periods ‎of time passing by. ‎

pyramid of Eleisht

The walls of the inner chambers of the pyramid were constructed with blocks of ‎stones that were larger in the base smaller towards the top and then covered with ‎strong white limestone.‎

The Design and the Plan of the Pyramid of Senosurt I ‎

In the same manner as the pyramid of his father and many of the pyramids of former ‎kings of ancient Egypt, the entrance to the Pyramid of Senosurt I was constructed in ‎the Northern section of the pyramid and on the ground level.

pyramid of Eleisht

Seems like Senosurt I has followed his father even in the internal plan of his ‎pyramid as he had a very simple plan for his pyramid in El Lisht. It consisted of a ‎passageway going downwards below the pyramid and leading to the burial chamber ‎at the very end located in the center of the pyramid. ‎

A distinctive feature of the burial chamber of the Pyramid of Senosurt I in El Lisht is ‎that the ceiling of the room was erected in the shape of a pyramid as well. The ‎burial chamber itself was constructed extremely deep into the ground to prevent ‎thieves from entering inside it. ‎

The Mortuary Temples of Senosurt I

Senosurt I has been largely influenced by the kings of the 6th dynasty and he copied ‎the design and plan of their mortuary temples that were located to the East of the ‎pyramid and it was constructed in the common style. However, nothing remained of ‎it today.‎

The same as the structure of his father, Amenmehat I, the mortuary complex of ‎Senosurt I had two large walls surrounding his complex. The inner walls surrounded ‎the pyramid only while the outer wall surrounded the rest of the complex.‎

pyramid of Eleisht

Situated near the mortuary complex of Senosurt I, there were a number of Queens' ‎pyramids that were constructed in different periods of time after the building of the ‎pyramid itself, but none of them remained until today. ‎

These Queens' Pyramids were built in the ruling periods of Amenmehat I and ‎Senosurt I and they all had small bases and relatively small burial chambers with ‎extensive decorations and wonderful wall paintings. ‎

 


Related links:

Pyramids of Saqqara
Saqqara is one of the most extensive archaeological sites in Egypt
Pyramid of Meidum
It is one of those sites that had, and still keeps, lots of secrets!!
Pyramids of Giza
Among the major tourist sites, only one considered to be the top of the list
Pyramid of Dahshour
The most important Cemetery which belonged to the vast necropolis
abu sir pyramids
Pyramids of Abusir
belong to the fourth dynasty and located at a 2.5 KM to the north of Sakkara
Pyramid of Hawara
Pyramids of Hawara
Made for Amenemhet III of the 12th Dynasty

pyramid of el lisht
Pyramids of El_Lisht
located about 100 kilometers south of Cairo- and dates back the 12th dynasty
abu rawash
Pyramids of Abu Rawash
The pyramid itself has a massive 49m channel cut into the bedrock
Pyramid of Lahoun
Pyramid of Lahoun
built as tomb of king of Senusret II!

Pyramid of Egypt
How the pyramdis we built
 

Other Egypt tombs:

Tombs of the Kings
Tombs of the Kings (Luxor)
The Valley of the Kings was the royal cemetery for 62 Pharaohs
Tombs of the queens
Tombs of the queens (Luxor)
The Valley of the Queens is an isolated cemetery
Tombs of the Noblemen
Tombs of the Noblemen at Thebes(Luxor)
The Valley of The Nobles is locatThe site has rock cut tombs of Nobles
deir Elmadina
Tombs of the Workers of Deir el-Medineh (Luxor)
Deir El Medina is one of the interesting historical sites which are commonly
Tombs of Tell Al Amrna
Tombs of Tell Al Amrna
Akhenaton or Amenhotep VI was the 10th Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty
Tombs of Beni Hassan
Tombs of Beni Hassan
Situated about 20 kilometers to the South of the city Al Minya
Tombs of the Noblemen
Tombs of San Al Hager
Tanis or San El Hagar, as it is called today, was once the capital of ancient Egypt
Tombs of Aswan
Tombs of Aswan
Tanis or San El Hagar, as it is called today, was once the capital of ancient Egypt
Tombs of Tell Al Amrna
Tombs of the Oases
The Bahariya Oasis is the northernmost oasis of Egypt
Tombs of the Noblemen
Mastaba tombs of the Old Kingdom (Saqqara, Giza)
The Saqqara complex is one of the most