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  • Cairo

    Cairo

    Cairo

    The captial of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, the name means "the victorious city". As the region's principal commercial, administrative, and tourist centre.
  • Alexandria

    Alexandria

    Alexandria

    Egypt's second largest city (3.5 million people), its largest seaport and the country's window onto the Mediterranean Sea. No city in Egypt has history as rich as that of Alexandria which witnessed so many historic events and legends!
  • Luxor

    Luxor

    Luxor

    Luxor hosts one third of the whole monuments and antiquities of the world. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important tourism spots in Egypt and maybe in the whole world.
  • Aswan

    Aswan

    Aswan

    Aswan is the 3rd largest city in Egypt and the biggest in Upper Egypt. Aswan was the ancient Egyptians' gateway to Africa. Today Aswan is major stop for may Nile cruise ships depart from Luxor to Aswan everyday.
  • Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm El Sheikh

    Sharm is the the jewel of Egyptian tourism industry now. The city offer some of the finest places for diving and snorkeling in the world, it offers great value for money if compared with many diving spots in the world.
  • Hurhgada

    Hurhgada

    Hurghada

    Hurghada today is a world centre for sea sports such as diving, snorkelling, sailing, windsurfing, and deep-sea fishing. The unique offshore underwater gardens are justifiably famous amongst divers

Pyramids of Dahshour

The Pyramids of Dahshour always evoke in us a great part of the history of Ancient Egypt. Although this area is not a major tourist site, like the Giza Plateau, it seems to me like a wonderful book, which tells us great, glorious, events of Ancient Egyptian History.
Dahshour is one of the most important cemeteries, which belonged to the vast necropolis of the great Ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis.

Located about 30Km to the south of the Giza Pyramids, and in the southern wing of Saqqara, this area contains Pyramids of the IV and the XII Dynasties. Here you will find the Pyramid of Amenemhat II, and the Pyramid of Amenemhat III, called the Black Pyramid.

In fact the great King Snefru (2680-2656 B.C), the founder of the IV Dynasty, was the first to choose the area to build his royal tomb, as it was close to the capital, Memphis.

bent pyramid He first built the southern Pyramid, or what we call today the Bent Pyramid. The architect actually made a mistake when building this Pyramid, not realising it until the height reached about 48m (with an angle of 54 degrees). He changed his original plans to make it safer (hoping to prevent what had happened at Meidum), and finished it by modifying the angle to just 43 degrees! And that is the reason behind the strange shape of this Pyramid and why, today, it is called the Rhomboid or Bent Pyramid. Analysing the reason behind the change, Egyptologists think that the angle of 54 degrees was going to result in a very huge and high Pyramid, which would have been very unstable, especially when cracks started to appear, which were later filled with gypsum.

The Pyramids of Dahshur

The Southern (Bent) Pyramid of Dashur was built of local limestone and cased with fine, Turah limestone. It is about 101m in height while the length of each side is 188.6m. The original entrance of the Pyramid is on the northern face as usual, but Professor Ahmed Fakhry (1905–1973), during his works in 1951, discovered another entrance on its western side.

One of the most remarkable features about the Pyramid is the existence of cedar beams, which had probably been imported from Lebanon. At the east of the Pyramid is a small Mortuary Temple consisting of a small shrine. A small subsidiary Pyramid lies to the south of the Pyramid, cleared in 1947 by the Egyptologist Abd El-Salam Hussein.

 

red pyramid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

About 2Km away to the north of the Southern Pyramid, another Pyramid was built for King Snefru. This time his architect avoided all the previous mistakes by following the same angle from bottom to top - 43 degrees, and in doing so created the first, perfect, complete Pyramid in history. This became the “blueprint” for all the Pyramids, which appeared during the IV, V, and VI Dynasties. It is known as   the Northern Pyramid because of its location, and the Red Pyramid, as the builders had used a very special kind of rosette limestone to built the inner burial chamber. It is 99m in height, and each side of the base is 220m in length.

 

 

entrance of dahshour

 

28m above the ground, on the northern face of the Pyramid, you will find the entrance to the inside. A steep, 60m long, passage leads down to the 1st chamber, which is in turn connected to the 2nd chamber by a low, rectangular passageway. Both of these chambers are about the same size, with high walls, and a corbelled ceiling. At the far end of the 2nd chamber is the entrance to the burial chamber; a wooden ladder takes you up to the entrance, which is about 8m above the floor level, and a wooden bridge spans the burial chamber itself. About 16m above you is the high, corbelled ceiling (Useful tip – A flashlight will enable you to see everything here, the illumination is very poor!)

 

chamber of dahshour



On the eastern side of the Pyramid, is the mortuary Temple of King Snefru. Though totally ruined, you can still see how it was originally laid out, and you will also be able to see some of the original fine, Turah limestone casing stones. Also situated here is what is thought to have been the capstone of the Pyramid, though many dispute it, as the angle of slope is different to that of the Pyramid.

The cemetery of Dahshour contains other Pyramids, smaller in scale, built out of mud bricks, and dating back to the XII Dynasty. These belonged to Amenemhat II, Senusert III, and Amenemhat III. Inside the Pyramid of King Senusert III, a very precious collection of jewels and gold were found, and now they are in display in many museums, all over the world, especially the collection that belonged to some of the Princesses of the XII Dynasty.

Many tombs have been discovered in the area of the Pyramids, but were either in very bad condition, or not even completed.

click on the pictures below to enlarge

Pyramid Pyramid Pyramid
Pyramid Pyramid Pyramid
Pyramid Pyramid Pyramid

 


Related links:

Pyramids of Saqqara
Saqqara is one of the most extensive archaeological sites in Egypt
Pyramid of Meidum
It is one of those sites that had, and still keeps, lots of secrets!!
Pyramids of Giza
Among the major tourist sites, only one considered to be the top of the list
Pyramid of Dahshour
The most important Cemetery which belonged to the vast necropolis
abu sir pyramids
Pyramids of Abusir
belong to the fourth dynasty and located at a 2.5 KM to the north of Sakkara
Pyramid of Hawara
Pyramids of Hawara
Made for Amenemhet III of the 12th Dynasty

pyramid of el lisht
Pyramids of El_Lisht
located about 100 kilometers south of Cairo- and dates back the 12th dynasty
abu rawash
Pyramids of Abu Rawash
The pyramid itself has a massive 49m channel cut into the bedrock
Pyramid of Lahoun
Pyramid of Lahoun
built as tomb of king of Senusret II!
Pyramid of Egypt
How the pyramdis we built

Other Egypt tombs:

Tombs of the Kings
Tombs of the Kings (Luxor)
The Valley of the Kings was the royal cemetery for 62 Pharaohs
Tombs of the queens
Tombs of the queens (Luxor)
The Valley of the Queens is an isolated cemetery
Tombs of the Noblemen
Tombs of the Noblemen at Thebes(Luxor)
The Valley of The Nobles is locatThe site has rock cut tombs of Nobles
deir Elmadina
Tombs of the Workers of Deir el-Medineh (Luxor)
Deir El Medina is one of the interesting historical sites which are commonly
Tombs of Tell Al Amrna
Tombs of Tell Al Amrna
Akhenaton or Amenhotep VI was the 10th Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty
Tombs of Beni Hassan
Tombs of Beni Hassan
Situated about 20 kilometers to the South of the city Al Minya
Tombs of the Noblemen
Tombs of San Al Hager
Tanis or San El Hagar, as it is called today, was once the capital of ancient Egypt
Tombs of Aswan
Tombs of Aswan
Tanis or San El Hagar, as it is called today, was once the capital of ancient Egypt
Tombs of Tell Al Amrna
Tombs of the Oases
The Bahariya Oasis is the northernmost oasis of Egypt
Tombs of the Noblemen
Mastaba tombs of the Old Kingdom (Saqqara, Giza)
The Saqqara complex is one of the most