• Cairo



    The captial of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, the name means "the victorious city". As the region's principal commercial, administrative, and tourist centre.
  • Alexandria



    Egypt's second largest city (3.5 million people), its largest seaport and the country's window onto the Mediterranean Sea. No city in Egypt has history as rich as that of Alexandria which witnessed so many historic events and legends!
  • Luxor



    Luxor hosts one third of the whole monuments and antiquities of the world. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important tourism spots in Egypt and maybe in the whole world.
  • Aswan



    Aswan is the 3rd largest city in Egypt and the biggest in Upper Egypt. Aswan was the ancient Egyptians' gateway to Africa. Today Aswan is major stop for may Nile cruise ships depart from Luxor to Aswan everyday.
  • Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm El Sheikh

    Sharm is the the jewel of Egyptian tourism industry now. The city offer some of the finest places for diving and snorkeling in the world, it offers great value for money if compared with many diving spots in the world.
  • Hurhgada



    Hurghada today is a world centre for sea sports such as diving, snorkelling, sailing, windsurfing, and deep-sea fishing. The unique offshore underwater gardens are justifiably famous amongst divers

Temple of Dendera

dandara temple Visitors to Luxor, who have the time, should try and visit the famous Temple of Hathor at Dendera. In a taxi, the trip takes about 1hour from Luxor. The buses, which are always accompanied by a Police convoy, that leaves at 0800 daily . The entrance fee is LE 35.

The Temple is located about 4KM from the River Nile, on its west bank, roughly opposite the city of Qena, the capital of the province and governorate of Qena (population - 2,000,000), which is inhabited by both Coptic and Muslims. This town is very famous for the manufacture of water pots, called "gula" jars in Arabic.

The Muslim Sheik, Abdel Raheeem El-Kenawi, who spent all of his life in this town and died in 1170 A.D, founded the modern city. The birthday of this saint is celebrated every year, and a great number of pilgrims come from all over Egypt for the festivities. The name of the city goes back to the time of the Pharaohs , and was taken from the ancient Egyptian word Qeny, which means, "to bend"; the River Nile has a huge (and famous) bend here.

The Temple of Hathor was built in the 1st century B.C and it is one of the best-preserved Temples in the whole of Egypt! Ptolemy VIII and Queen Cleopatra II built it, and then later, Roman Emperors continued to decorate it and honour the Goddess Hathor; the Goddess of maternity, love and music. The Greeks identified the Goddess Hathor as Aphrodite.

The first gateway, built by Roman Emperor Domitian in 80 A.D, leads to the great hall of the Temple, which is decorated with Hathoric columns (columns with the face of Hathor on them) and is in a very good condition. The upper, front edge of the cornice is decorated with the winged sun disc, while stone screens between the columns and the scene, which represent the Roman Emperor Tiberius and other Roman rulers who present votive offerings to the Goddess of the Temple, enclose the front portion. Hathor is chiefly represented with the horns of the sacred cow protruding from her head, supporting the solar disc of the sun, and in her hands she is holding an "Ankh", the symbol of life, and a sceptre. Sometimes she is also represented with the head of a cow.

The interior walls of the great hall have remarkable scenes that mainly depict sacrifices being made to the Goddess of the Temple. The amazing ceiling, with its astronomical representations, is very interesting! The ceiling is divided into 7 divisions, and the best remaining 3 are:hathor

The first division on the eastern side, which depicts the Goddess Nut, the Goddess of the sky, who is bending herself towards the earth, with the sun disc shining on the Temple and the mask of Hathor.

Secondly, and next to the first, is a representation of the sun boat and star Goddess.

The third one is the western ceiling, which shows a perfect representation of the zodiac signs, which is one of the reasons that the Temple is so famous (the original zodiac relief is now in the Louvre museum in Paris, France). The 12 figures of the ram, the bull, the heavenly twins, the crab, the lion, the virgin, the scales, the scorpion, the archer, the goat, the watering pots and fishes with glittering tails. On the inner walls of the screen, the hawk headed God Horus, and the Ibis headed God Thoth, are pouring drops of holy water over the King. This scene is called the baptism scene, symbolising life and happiness.

The second hall has 6 columns adorned with rich capitals and granite pedestals. On both sides of this hall are small rooms that were used as storerooms, used to store the wine jars that came from the Island of Crete, and the fertile Fayoum and Kharga oases.

Next is the central chapel, which has two altars; one for the sacred boat, and the other for the sacrifices offered to the Goddess Hathor. The beautifully sculptured relief's on the walls of the shrines represent Ptolemy VIII and other rules, whose names were left blank in the oval cartouches, dancing with offerings to the sacred boat of Hathor and her husband Horus. The representatives of the King, the high Priests and noblemen, used to gather in the great hall in preparation for the daily rituals. The ceilings are covered in stars, and black soot from the fires of the later inhabitants of the Temple.The rooms around the sanctuary were used for scientific purposes, the storing of the sacred boat, the sacred wreath, the golden image of the Goddess Hathor and musical instruments


There is a small corridor on the right, which leads to a small room that contains the crypt, highly recommended should you visit here.

The staircases, which lead to the roof of the Temple, are decorated with some beautiful symbols representing the 12 months of the year. On the eastern corner, of the roof, is the chapel of the God Osiris. The scenes on its walls represent Osiris rising from the dead and becoming the God of the underworld. It is from this chapel that the best representation of the zodiac was taken. zodiac

The southern exterior wall relief show Cleopatra VII and her son Caesarian, son of JuliusCaesar, making offerings to Hathor and allthe other deities of Dendera. On the same wall, near the cornice, are some stone lion heads, serving as water spouts. Adjoining the Temple building to the west is the sacred lake, which was used for the priests' ablutions. Next to the lake is a small shaft, discovered in 1917, which contained valuable treasures of Cleopatra's era, which are now displayed in the Egyptian Museum.

Click on the Picture Thumbnails below to Enlarge


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dendara dendara dendara dendara
dendara dendara dendara dendara
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Around the Temple are the remains of the mud brick wall, which surrounded the whole Temple, as well as the ruins of Coptic houses and churches, including a large number of Coptic crosses, which were chiseled into the stones. To the north lies the Mamisi, the birth house of Horus, the son of Isis and Osiris, which was erected by the Roman Emperor Trajan in 90 A.D. This little Temple is surrounded by a row of columns, with different capitals embellished with relief images of the God Bes, the chief God of childhood who drove evil spirits away from the babies. Bes is a hideous dwarf, with a big stomach and long whiskers.

Other Temples of Egypt

Temple of karnak
Temple of Karnak
The Temple of Karnak is the largest Temple in the World!
Temple of Hatshepsut
Temple of Hatshepsut
The Temple of Deir El-Bahri is one of the most characteristic temples
Temple of Luxor
Temple of Luxor
Temple of Luxor Luxor Temple, or The Temple of Luxor
Temple of Abydos
Temple of Abydos
The Temple of Abydos is located to the west of El-Baliana
temple of dandara
Temple of Dandara
The Temple is located about 4KM from the River Nile
Temple of Madinat Habu
Temple of Madinat Habu
The Temple of Medinat Habu is one of the largest memorial
Temple of Ramesseum
Temple of Ramesseum
Temple of the Ramesseum was built as a funerary Temple
temple of edfu
Temple of Edfu
Edfu is located 60Km to the north of Aswan. It was the 2nd Nome
temple of kom ombo
Temple of Kom ombo
The Temple was mainly dedicated to the God Sobek
temple of philae
Temple of Philae
Philae Island was a rocky island in the middle of the River Nile
temple of esna
Temple of Esna
Esna is about 485 miles (776 Km) south of Cairo and lies on the west bank of the Nile.
temple of kalabsha
Temple of Kalabsha
Esna is about 485 miles (776 Km) south of Cairo and lies on the west bank
temple of derr
Temple of Derr
it is located 208 KM south of Aswan, the temple is cut out
temple of wadi es-Sebua
Temple of Wadi es-Sebua
Temple of Wadi es-Sebua It s located 150 km south of Aswan
temple of abu simbel
Temple of Abu Simbel
The Temples of Abu Simbel are amongst the most interesting
temple of dekka
Temple of Dakka
Temple of Dakka The temple was built by the Nubian Agher Amon
temple of amada
Temple of Amada
The temple was built at the time of the new kingdom by king
temple of moharka
Temple of Moharka
Small temple that goes back the end of the Greco-Roman period
temple of kiosk of qertassi
Temple of Kiosk of Qertassi
The Temple of Quertsi is dedicated to goddess Hathor goddess
temple of khentkaus-ii
Mortuary Temple of Khentkaus II
The Mortuary Temple of KhentKaus II is the
temple of amenhotep-iii
Mortuary Temple of Amenhotep III
The Mortuary Temple of Pharaoh Amenhotep III
temple of montuhotep-ii
Mortuary Temple of Montuhotep II
Montuhotep II is regarded as the first Pharaoh of the middle
temple of neferefre
Mortuary Temple of Neferefre
The Mortuary Temple of Neferefre is also known as the Pyramid
temple of niuserre
Mortuary Temple of Niuserre
Building pyramids for the Egyptian Pharaohs so that they could be buried
temple of neferirkare
Mortuary Temple of Neferirkare
The pyramid of Neferirkare is located
temple of sahure
Mortuary Temple of Sahure
The mortuary temple or the Pyramid of Sahure is situated in Abusir
mortuary temple djedefre
Mortuary temple of Djedefre
The Pyramid of Djedefre is situated at Abu Rawash
mortuary temple khafre
Mortuary Temple of Khafre
The Pyramid of Khafre is also known as the Pyramid of Chephren
mortuary temple khufu
Mortuary Temple of Khufu
The Pyramid of Khufu is also known as the Great
mortuary temple menkaure
Mortuary Temple of Menkaure
The Pyramid of Menkaure was built in Giza Necropolis