Tomb of - Valley of the Kings (KV57)
Who was Horemeb?
Horemheb, the successor of Ay, served in the courts of Amenophis IV and Tutankhamun and than Ay. Horemheb reconstructed the military cadres and the provincial administration and was a royal scribe and served as a general in the army at many times.
The tomb KV 57
The Tomb of Horemheb, was discovered in 1908 by a British Egyptologist Edward Ayrton. The tomb now designated at KV 57 is located in Valley of the Kings, in the west bank of Thebes.
Uniqueness of the Tomb
Horemheb in his tomb developed a number of innovations which remained popular in tomb building from the 18th till the 19th dynasty. Also, the right angle which was present in the end of descending corridors was missing in this tomb. Painted bas-reliefs were introduced which replaced the earlier simple paintings. Also, inscriptions from the Book of Gates were inscribed in the passages on this tomb. Book of Gates is a religious composition that is based on the separation of the twelve hours of the night.
The Tomb descends from those that earlier existed in the Valley of the Kings, but some idiosyncrasies that remained restricted to just this tomb in the Valley of the Kings, included
- A ramp which descended into a set of stairs, which was cut between the burial chambers’ pillars
- Another set of stairs that was cut near first
- Both stairs led to the crypt on the lower level
- Another feature was a lower storeroom beneath the annex of the burial chamber
- KV 57 was the first tomb ever to have inscriptions from Book of Gates
- Decoration in the tomb helped scholars in studying the processes dedicated to painted relief preparation
There are three sloping corridors which lead to another chamber which has a well and the Chamber which is pillared. Also, a side descent and two sloping corridors give access to the burial chamber. A characteristic of this tomb was the shift from the bent axis plan to the straight axis royal tombs that were constructed during 19th and 20th dynasties. Decoration in the tomb consists of representations of deities and scenes from Book of Gates.
Remains found within the tomb
The tomb also contained many funeral equipments and a number of wooden images made out of cedar and acacia. Also found in the remains were alabaster Canopic jars, whose stoppers were portrait headed and lion-headed embalming tables, which were four in number. All these and many other things like couches, figures, bricks, chairs, boats, rosettes and wooden and stone containers were found within the tomb.
An interesting fact
It’s said that during the reign of Horemheb, which lasted for 28 years, the tomb’s construction was never finished completely. The time was enough to construct even the most complex of tombs, but the start and stopping of construction at various stages led to the delay in completion. This however proved useful for scholars who got a chance to learn how tombs were built during that era and Egyptologists learned many techniques that the early artists made use of during those times.