Tomb of - Valley of the Kings (KV11)
An Introduction about the Tomb KV11
The tomb of Ramesses III, designated as KV 11, is a complex system. Located in the Valley of the Kings, the same has been known since antiquity and was explored for the first time during modern era in 1768, by James Bruce. The tomb was referred as Tomb of the Harpists, by Belzoni, who removed the lid and the sarcophagus, Due to the bas relief representation of two blind harpists. Meanwhile, the travelers from Europe named it as the Bruce’s tomb.
About the tomb KV 11
The tomb of Ramesses III is 125 meters long and follows a similar plan like other tombs of the 19th Dynasty. The unusual annexes number can still be seen. A stairway from the entrance ends into the first corridor having an annex on both sides. The first corridor leads to a second corridor which has four annexes on both the sides. The second corridor then ends into a dead end room and a third corridor on the right side. The axis change was due to the limited space availability because of the Amenemesses tomb. Up to this part where the axis got changed, the tomb was built for Setnakht, who stopped work from here. From here Ramesses III continued work as per his own liking.
Decoration of the KV 11
The tomb is beautifully decorated with grand colors that remain vivid. The walls inside the tomb are decorated with text from Litany of Ra, Imydwat, Book of Gates, Opening the Mouth ritual, Book of the Earth, Heavenly Cow, as well as scenes of the king paying homage to various deities. Unique representations in the subsidiary chambers showing food preparation and provision, illustrations of Book of the Dead spells and burial equipment were found. The unusual scenes on the side chambers are a remarkable feature that can be seen in tomb KV11.
The burial chamber of Ramesses III’s tomb is an eight pillared hall inside which was found the red quartzite sarcophagus. The chamber was decorated with text from the Book of Gates, Book of the Earth and divine scenes. After this another set of annexes was decorated with the Book of the Gates.
The sarcophagus of Ramesses III was originally intended for the outer container for Seti II and the wooden trough of the innermost coffin of Ramesses III was discovered in the royal cache of KV35. However, the mummy of the king was found along with others in the cache DB320 at Deir el-Bahari in a massive mummy case of Queen Ahmes-Nefertari.
Entrance to the tomb
The Tomb of Ramesses III, KV 11, is currently open for the public. Tickets for visiting three tombs at the Valley of the Kings costs EGP 25 and can be bought at the gate. Photography inside the tombs is strictly prohibited and can mean a heavy penalty, if anyone is found clicking pictures.