Tomb of - Valley of the Kings (KV18)
Tomb KV 18
Used during the New Kingdom, twentieth dynasty, Tomb KV 18 in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt is the burial place of Ramesses X, who was the second last ruler of this dynasty. The tomb is said to have never finished constructing. The place is visited by many tourists every year coming to learn about the history of Egypt and has remained open since antiquity. The tomb lies in the southwest wadi on the west bank at Luxor.
The tomb plan
The tomb KV 18 of Ramesses X is not a very splendid one and contains an entranceway and two corridors. The entrance depicts larger facades, a typical characteristic seen during the Ramesside period and the size is little wider than that seen in the previous tombs. The stairway inside the tomb was divided. When the entranceway ended, a step down into the tomb the first corridor was found.
The tomb’s renovation in modern times
Consecutive floods caused a massive damage to the structure of the tomb KV 18. It was Howard Crater, who in the year 1904 began the renovation work by installing the electric lightning installation. The walls were whitewashed and the level base was constructed as a foundation for the equipment. Other renovation work included construction of the retaining side walls and the chamber even. Also additional roofing was added. The corridor too was cut and decorated again.
The damage caused
The floods have taken a toll of the outer areas where the beautiful decorations have almost been wiped off. The plaster and paint too has been completely fallen. The only thing remaining is the design on the left hand side and modern European graffiti from the era 1623 to 1905 AD. Some traces were also seen on the eastern and western walls.
The gate at the entrance way is decorated with an illustration of the sun disk at the horizon, and the king is seen kneeling on both sides of the disc. While the corridor had various scenes of the ruler Ramesses X worshipping the many deities including ram headed god and goddesses Isis and Nephthys. Of the little decoration remaining post the flood damage the left wall of the passage had a rough sketch of Re-Horakhy, while on the right the king is seen in the front of Re-Horakhy and Meretseger. The second corridor however did not have any kind of decorations on the walls or the ceiling.
The only artifacts which were found in the tomb KV 18 were the foundation deposits by Howard Carter; these included blue glazed tool models like Hoe, adze and yoke. Very little is known about the tomb and the final section has only been recently cleared off the large flood debris. The tomb is said to have been abandoned as since no funerary equipments were found, it’s still uncertain that whether the same was a burial place of Ramesses X, however his mummy has never been found anywhere else either.