Private Tomb of - Sheikh Abd el-Qurna (TT55)
Who was Ramose?
Ramose was a Vizier during the eighteenth dynasty and when transition of reigns of Amenhotep III and IV took place. He also had a title to his name which was Governor of the Town. His wife’s name was Meryet-ptah and it’s believed that the couple was childless, as no children were seen in any of the pictures. Neby was the father of Ramose and his mother’s name was Apuya.
The tomb of Ramose
The private tomb of Ramose referred as TT55 is located in the Sheikh Abd el Qurna area on the west bank of Luxor. The tomb has many scenes still intact after the relief. The tomb illustrates a unique thing which is change in style, depicting Amarna art. It’s still uncertain that TT55 was the final resting place of Ramose, but no other tomb to his possession has been located.
The tomb is incomplete as it’s anticipated that Ramose started work on another tomb at Amarna after the capital moved to a new place. The tomb is significant due to its new artwork and as the same was abandoned historians get to learn about how carving and tomb decoration was carried on during that era.
The tomb plan
Tomb TT55 has a traditional T-shaped design. The entrance has a spilt stairway and a central ramp leading into a courtyard. This is followed by a short stairway leading to a large hypostyle hall having 32 columns. From the hall further inside is a corridor that’s followed by a chapel.
Decorations inside the tomb
The large hall is the only room in the tomb having decorations. The hall towards the left had a portrait of Ramose’s guest funeral banquet along with his mother, father, brother and sister in law. The scene is believed to be one of the best pieces of ancient art to be found on the globe. The scene details even the minute things like the bead of a necklace and the soft folds of garments very skillfully.
The scene of servants carrying burial riches of the deceased is the only painted scene in the tomb. This scene again is a masterpiece seen during the 18th dynasty artwork. Further inside most of the scenes were unfinished and some were only in their sketched stage.
Most scenes on the walls are unfinished having just some details but in an uncarved stage. Further inside the tomb is a corridor that does not have any decorations, this leads into the chapel having three niches.
More information about the tomb
The tomb TT 55 belonging to Ramose is a well done tomb in the private tombs category. The many scenes on the walls are in relief and the size too is fairly larger for its category. The person who first made this tomb known to the world was Villiers Stewart in 1879. The present condition of the tomb was restored by Robert Mond with work carried out in 1924.