Tuthmosis I and Hatshepsut
Tomb of - Valley of the Kings (KV20)
The tomb KV 20
The tomb KV 20 at the Valley of the Kings on the west bank of Luxor in Egypt is believed to be quarried by Ineni who was the famous architect of Thutmosis I. But, findings depict that the daughter of the king- Hatshepsut was also buried in the same tomb. The tombs unfinished state at the time of the king’s death has helped in explaining that this belonged to both father and the daughter.
The tomb KV20 has been known for more than a century now and it was first noted by Belzoni, later on Howard Carter succeeded in clearing the tomb and declared that the foundation deposits inscribed by the name of Hatshepsut showed that the tomb actually belonged to her. From these objects and the two sarcophagi found inside the tomb it was summarized that the queen had this tomb built for herself and her father. The king was transferred here from KV 38 which is intended to be his original tomb. Later on the findings of Carter were proved wrong by John Romer who said that the design of KV38 was much newer than that of KV20 so the former would have been the secondary place of burial for the king.
The tomb design
The tomb is about 213 meters long from its entrance and where the two burial chambers are located. The corridor looks like a wide U shaped structure. After these are two stairwell chambers which are not like those found in KV38.
The tomb is mostly undecorated and lies at a point which is just behind the impressive temple of Hatshepsut located in Deir el Bahri. The long tomb length is believed to have been so because it enabled the queen’s body to lie underneath her temple. The sarcophagi chamber revealed two sarcophagi, one of which belonged to Hatshepsut and second to his father Tuthmosis I, but both of these were empty.
The only decoration in the tomb KV 20 was that seen in the burial chamber, this had fifteen limestone blocks which had on them text from the Amdywat.
Other objects found in the tomb:
A foundation deposit of Hatshepsut was found at the entrance to KV20 which included fragments of funerary furniture, potsherds, fragments of faience and burnt pieces of a statue -possibly a guardian statue. Also, a shabti figure belonging to Hatshepsut in The Hague was found. The findings included some funerary equipments belonging to Hatshepsut were found in the Royal Cache of TT320.
The mummy of Queen Hatshepsut was identified in the year 2007 by a tooth which was found in the temple in a box and which bear the name of this queen, conforming the belonging. The tooth was found to be the exact match for a gap in the upper jaw of a previously unidentified mummy. The mummy, now identified as the remains of Hatshepsut, is now displayed in the Cairo Museum.
Howard Carter is world famous for his discovery of the fabulous tomb of Tutankhamen.