Second Tomb of - Valley of the Kings (KV38)
The tomb of Thutmosis I
Thutmosis I was the third Pharaoh who ruled in the 18th dynasty in Egypt. He succeeded the throne of king Amenhotep I. He is believed to have been involved in pushing the borders of Egypt to further than ever before. He is said to be the first king who built a tomb for himself at the Valley of the Kings. The reign of Thutmosis I date from 1506 to 1493 BC.
About tomb KV38
Tomb KV38 is believed to be the second tomb of Thutmosis I. The yellow sarcophagus having inscription for Thutmosis I was the most important discovery stating that the tomb belonged to him. Later on it was found that tomb KV38 was newer than the tomb KV20 which could be seen in its design and architecture, that had influence of the first grandson of Thutmosis I which was Thutmosis III.
Also, the fragmentary furniture and funerary equipment that was found inside the tomb seemed to be of a style which was not present when Thutmosis I would have been at power. Thus the final fact now says that the king was buried along with his daughter Hatshepsut in the tomb KV20 and later on the mummy of the king was moved to KV38 due to his hatred for his stepmother.
History of the site
It was initially believed that KV38 was the original burial place of king Thutmosis I, which was solely controlled by Ineni. As per more findings, it was found that Hatshepsut got her father buried again in KV20 in a sarcophagus made from stone, the one which was initially intended for her burial. Subsequently, the body of Thutmosis I was returned by his grandson Thutmosis III to tomb KV38 in a new sarcophagus. The body was again moved to cache in TT320 when the New Kingdom ended.
Egyptologists now feel that the tomb KV38 was built on the orders of Thutmosis III for reburying his grandfather here. This is based on the fact that the plans of KV34 and KV38 shared a lot of similarities with KV 42 as well, including rounded corners and central pillars. Also, in all the three tombs the sarcophagus was placed at the rear part inside the burial chamber.
The tomb plan
Tomb KV38 in the Valley of the Kings has a simple plan and consists of a steep corridor, that ends into an unevenly cut small chamber, after this is a steep stairways that ends into the center of the chamber and leads to the burial chamber. The burial chamber has a single side chamber off its left. Overall the tomb is poorly cut and penetration of flood waters over time has led to an increased rough appearance of the tomb. The only decorations inside the tomb are those on the walls of the burial chamber.
The unique shape of the burial chamber, which is cartouche shaped is a noteworthy and rare feature to be seen in this tomb, which still has many controversies revolving around its ownership and construction.