Tomb of - Valley of the Kings (KV34)
The tomb of Thutmosis III
KV34 in the Valley of the Kings is said to be the final resting place of the king Thutmosis III. Considered to be one of the most sophisticated tombs in the valley, the tomb has many new changes that differ from earlier tombs in the area. The size and decoration are particularly noteworthy. The tomb was first found in 1898 by the workmen of Victor Loret. The tomb is located at the bottom of the valley in a narrow gauge; the entrance to KV34 lies 30 meters above ground level.
More about the tomb KV34
The tomb of Thutmosis III has three corridors, a well, an antechamber and a burial chamber. The presence of a true well is the first of its kinds feature seen in any tombs in the valley. Some believe it was to stop tomb robbers, but the real meaning lies in its help in preventing the flood water from entering and damaging the tomb. The tomb had been greatly damaged by robbers in antiquity. The mummy of the ruler was discovered even before the discovery of his tomb which was present in the mummy cache of TT320.
The tomb’s orientation is different where the entrance is located towards the north and the burial chamber deviating towards the east. This characteristic was seen in the Middle Kingdom Pyramids of Sesostris II, a unique structure for this era, the tomb starts with a stairway, then the first corridor and the second stairway and then is the second corridor after which is the ritual shaft. Following this is a 90 degree turn to the vestibule which then ends into the burial chamber having four lateral annexes.
Decorations inside the tomb
The tombs decoration is again unique in it being decorated by first being plastered and then painted. The well shaft in the tomb has its walls whitewashed and finished with khekher frieze. The doorway was sealed and painted to hide the tomb’s continuation.
The ceiling inside the ritual shaft is decorated with blue sky and yellow stars painted on it. The passages inside the tomb remain undecorated. The two pillars in the vestibule are adorned with 741 divinities of the Amdywat that generate the daily sun. The size of burial chamber is big, in which is present the beautiful red quartzite sarcophagus.
The walls in the burial chamber depict an ornamental scroll decorated with the text from Book of Amydwat. Passages from Litany of Ra and a unique illustration in which king is seen being nursed by Isis, the divine tree goddess is there. The decorations depict haste in completion, done most probably after the king’s death.
Some unique facts about KV34
The design of the tomb of Thutmosis III depicts a transition from the traditional design. The presence of the well chamber was seen for the first time after which most successive tombs followed the plan. The shape of the burial chamber is unique and the complete version of the Imydwat and earliest version of Litany of Ra on the walls of the burial chamber was also to be seen for the very first time.