Egypt Education System
Why travel to Egypt?
A closer look into the Egypt Education System would reveal that the philosophy of education in Egypt hails from three cultural heritages, namely Islamic (traditional) Egyptian, secular (westernized) Egyptian and British. The socio-economic status of the people of Egypt is reflected in the education system which is backed by a firm belief that education is extremely crucial for the national development of the country. Education in Egypt is considered to be significant in transmitting cultural values which also act as a strong force in bringing about individual development. The Al-Azhar University mosque plays a pivotal role in shaping Egypt’s educational, religious and cultural life. The Al-Azhar system is a parallel Islamic academic system where the curriculum is same as the normal public curriculum with an exception of a stronger emphasis on Quran and Islamic science.
Egypt Education System follows a 6+3+3 format. The categorisation consists of six years of primary education, three years of secondary education and three years of senior secondary education.
Primary education (6years):
Egypt is divided into four zones majorly, which are
Students belonging to the age group of six to twelve attend primary education. The compulsory subjects taught under this curriculum are Arabic, mathematics, English, religious studies, music and science. Agriculture as a subject gets introduced in Grade 4 and Grade 5 and has some more subjects getting added such as arts, social studies and home economics. The curriculum generally remains the same in the Al-Azhar schools only with an added emphasis on Islamic studies.
Secondary education (3 years):
The preparatory secondary education is meant for students of age group ranging from 12 to 15 years. It is the final level of basic Egypt Education System covering Grade 6 through Grade 8. The curriculum includes Arabic, industrial education, art, English, agriculture, mathematics, religious studies, music and social studies. Some schools are found to offer other languages such as French or Spanish at this stage. Similar to the primary level, even in the secondary level the Al-Azhar schools follow the same curriculum along with greater emphasis in Islamic studies.
After completing nine years of compulsory basic education under Egypt Education System, students are conferred the Basic Education Certificate or the Al-Azhar Basic Education Certificate. Such students are eligible for admission to Al-Azhar secondary school or technical secondary school and general upper secondary school.
Upper secondary school:
Lasting for three years, the upper secondary school is meant for students aged 15 to 18 years. It is optional and can be categorized into three types, namely:
- General Secondary Education Schools or the ones that offer educational programs preparing for higher education.
- Al-Azhar Secondary Education Schools or the ones that offer educational programs with stronger emphasis on Islamic science and Quran.
- Technical Secondary Schools or the ones that offer technical as well as vocational courses and enable students to specialize in one out of three streams namely Technical, Industrial and Agricultural.
Along with practical training the curriculum of this stage of Egypt Education System consists of core specialization lessons.
The education system in Egypt also arranges for higher education. Eligible students can successfully complete and get awarded with Technical Diploma (Diplom al-Fanni) and Higher Diploma of Technology, Bachelor Degree, Graduate Diploma, Master Degree and also Doctoral Degree.
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