Meet the Ex-President of Egypt
The brief list of Egyptian presidents from beginning till present
Egypt or Arab Republic of Egypt has long been known as a place for pyramids and ancient civilizations and is the largest country in Arab. This has played a key role in the Middle Eastern Politics in the modern era. The establishment of Office in 1953 marked the beginning of the president rule that is considered to be the head of the state of Egypt and also serves as the Supreme Commander of the armed forces in Egypt. Here is a list of all leaders who have served as the president of Egypt, ranging from the first till the current one.
- Muhammad Naguib was the first to become President of Egypt who came to power on 18 June 1953 and resigned in less than a year on 14th November 1954.
- Followed by his resignation there was a period of Revolutionary Command Council that remained from 14th November 1954 to 23rd June 1956.
- Next was Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser who became Prime Minister and then President of Egypt and remained in power for almost 16 years from 1954-1970.
- In 1970, Muhammad Anwar Sadat became the new Egyptian President when the country was preoccupied by Israel and remained in power till 1981.
- Next was Sufi Abu Taleb, who remained in power from 14th October 1981 till 5th October 1987.
- After a career in the Air Force, succeeding Taleb was Hosni Mubarak, who remained as the Egyptian president from Oct 1981 till February 2011.
- Mohamed Hussein Tantawi then took over as the de facto leader of Egypt in Feb. 2011, after Hosni Mubarak resigned as president.
- Succeeding Tantawi was Mohamed Morsi who became Egypt’s first democratically elected president on 30 June 2012.
- Adly Mansour joined as the interim president in July 2013 after the ousting of President Morsi by the armed forces.
- Next or the current is Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, who is the latest president of Egypt elected in May 2014.
The ex-president of Egypt
Hosni Mubarak or Muhammad Hosni El Sayad Mubarak who was a former military commander, leader and president of Egypt took over as the fourth incumbent of the latter position. He remained in power from 1981 till 2011. Hosni has served as the Commander from 1972 to 1975, after which he became the air chief marshal. Next he worked as the vice president of Egypt in 1975 and finally took over as the president in 1981. Presidency of Hosni lasted for almost three decades, making him the longest-serving ruler of this country. Mubarak resigned as the president 18 days after demonstration of the Egyptian revolution in 2011.
Know more about Hosni Mubarak’s early life
Hosni Mubarak was born in the Nile River Delta and graduated from the Military Academy of Egypt at Cairo in 1949 and at the air academy at Bilbays in 1950. He became commander at Egyptian air force from 1966 to 1969 and then as the chief commander of air force in 1972. He became air marshal in 1974 and as the vice president in 1975. Mubarak has remained active since then in most negotiations held in the Middle East and Arab.
Mubarak as the president of Egypt
Mubarak took over as the Egyptian president after the assassination of Sadat in 1981. During his power great improvement was marked in the relation of Egypt with other Arab countries like Israel. He also affirmed the peace treaty Egypt shared with Israel and also managed to maintain good relationship with United States. Mubarak was reelected as the president of Egypt for six years in 1987. Mubarak led Arab states while supporting the Saudi’s decision to invite the help of U.S. military coalition for recovering Kuwait, which occurred during the Persian Gulf Crisis and war. Mubarak also helped in mediating the bilateral agreement signed between Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel, which was signed in 1993.
Mubarak was again elected as Egyptian president in 1993, after which began a phase of guerilla violence and growing unrest between opposition parties. This led him to start a campaign against fundamentalist in Islam. He managed to escape an assassination attack in 1995 in Ethiopia. Remaining unopposed, Mubarak was again elected as the president of Egypt in 1999, fourth time in a row. In 2005, Mubarak managed to conquer as the first multicandidate president in election.
The bringing down of Mubarak
In January of 2011, protestors agitated by corruption, repression and economic state of Egypt came out on streets asking for the stepping down of Mubarak as Egyptian president. Seeing the continued protest and allegations, Mubarak for the first time on television announced that he will no more fight in the presidential election to be held in the September of 2011. On 11th of February Mubarak left for Cairo, few hours after which Suleiman declared on Egyptian television that Mubarak has resigned as the president of Egypt, giving the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces the authority to govern the country. Seeing Mubarak’s stepping down, the protest at Tahrir Square and other places turned to celebration.
What began after Mubarak’s stepping down as Egyptian president?
After the departure of Mubarak, the government in Egypt began an investigation for the allegations of corruption and other power abuse which took place during Mubarak’s reign. Finally, after many trials and thorough investigations in May 2014, Mubarak was sentenced for three years imprisonment by an Egyptian court on the ground of embezzling public funds, for which his sons were given four years imprisonment as well.
The present Egyptian president
Currently retired Field Marshal, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, is the president of Egypt who was elected in May 2014. Most Egyptians believed that Mr. Sisi will help in bringing stability in the country’s status and he even appeared to be a hero who succeeded in ending the rule of Morsi. Sisi has had a long and successful military career and he has succeeded to become the latest Egyptian ruler coming from military. Sisi meanwhile was born in Cairo, the capital of Egypt, in 1954.
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