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  • Cairo



    The captial of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, the name means "the victorious city". As the region's principal commercial, administrative, and tourist centre.
  • Alexandria



    Egypt's second largest city (3.5 million people), its largest seaport and the country's window onto the Mediterranean Sea. No city in Egypt has history as rich as that of Alexandria which witnessed so many historic events and legends!
  • Luxor



    Luxor hosts one third of the whole monuments and antiquities of the world. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important tourism spots in Egypt and maybe in the whole world.
  • Aswan



    Aswan is the 3rd largest city in Egypt and the biggest in Upper Egypt. Aswan was the ancient Egyptians' gateway to Africa. Today Aswan is major stop for may Nile cruise ships depart from Luxor to Aswan everyday.
  • Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm El Sheikh

    Sharm is the the jewel of Egyptian tourism industry now. The city offer some of the finest places for diving and snorkeling in the world, it offers great value for money if compared with many diving spots in the world.
  • Hurhgada



    Hurghada today is a world centre for sea sports such as diving, snorkelling, sailing, windsurfing, and deep-sea fishing. The unique offshore underwater gardens are justifiably famous amongst divers

About Egypt Protectorates

Egypt in Africa is located on a unique geographical location and joins Asia too. The country is bordered by Mediterranean Sea in the north, red sea in the east which helps the same get blessed with a rich natural heritage. As a measure to conserve the natural biodiversity of Egypt which covered the flora and fauna as well, a law was passed referred as 102 in 1083; this gave the prime minister of this country the power to declare some areas as natural protectorates in Egypt. Till now 28 such protectorates have been recognized which include areas covering coastal, wetlands, geological and coastal protectorates.

The prime minister of Egypt has full powers to define the limits of any naturally protected areas and also set the basic principles for the management and the conservation of resources here. The natural protectorates in Egypt do not have anything linked with the colonial protectorates here.

Some theories also suggest that till day 30 protectorates have been declared in Egypt which are believed to cover around 15% land area of this country.

Crow empress

18 of the most popular protectorates in Egypt


  • Ras Muhammad National Park, the first protectorate of Egypt preserves a diversity of shoreline configuration and coral reef systems which are known globally as some of the best on earth. Around 1500 marine creatures can be found here.
  • Zaranik protected area has an amazing collection of flora and fauna including some rare species of migratory birds as well.
  • Al Ahrash reserve in the northeast is known for its plants and trees making this a natural haven.
  • El Omayed located in the Mediterranean coastal desert has some of the most diverse and richest flora on the globe and is blessed with dunes of white sand , limestone ridges with depressions and salt marshes.
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  • Elba protectorate has a large number of mangroves of the Red Sea, islands, coral reefs, coastal sand dunes, salt marshes, desert plains and a cluster of coastal mountains
  • Salouga and Dhazal in the river Nile is characterized by 94 varieties of plants and predominantly expanding bushes.
  • St. Catherine national park is a popular place among climbers and has 1000 plants species and around 40% of the total flora of Egypt.
  • Lake Qarun is a famous archeological site due to its rich marine life and unique collection of flora and fauna dating back to 40 million years.
  • Wadi El Rayan has interred dune areas around springs and over 13 species of plants. The world endangered species of slender horned Gazella leptoceros can be found here.
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  • Wadi El Allaqi
  • Wadi el Assiuti
  • El Hassana dome
  • The Petrified Forest
  • Sannur valley Cave
  • Nabq
  • Abu Gallum
  • Lake Burullus
  • The White Desert

Most of these protectorates have become popular as famous tourist destinations where lovers of nature come to watch the unique natural collection and even indulge in many natural activities. The protectorates are a habitat to many endangered species of plants and animals, and some of which are those that can be found just here.

Protectorates of Egypt

Abu Galum Protectorate
Ras Abu Galum Protectorate in Egypt is located near Taba
Ashtum el-Gamil Protectorate
Located in Egypt, at a distance of about 7 km from the Port Said
El Hassana Dome Protectorate
Announced in 1989, El Hassana Dome Protectorate
Lake Burullus Protectorate

Located towards the east of the Rosetta branch of the river Nile in Egypt

Lake Qarun Protectorate
Lake Qarun protectorate in Egypt is located in the El Fayoum governorate
Nabq Protectorate
Nabq protectorate in Egypt is located just 25 km from the city of Sharm El Sheikh
Petrified Forest Protectorate
The area outside Maadi, which lies about 30 kms away from Cairo
Sannur Valley Cave Protectorate

Sannur Valley Cave Protectorate is located in the Beni-Suef

Taba Protectorate
Declared in the year 1998, Taba protected area is located in the south Sinai
Wadi Al Allaqi Protectorate
Announced to be a protectorate in 1989, Wadi Al Allaqi
Wadi Al Assiut
Wadi Al Assuti is a protected area in Asiout Governorate
Wadi El Rayan Protectorate

Established in the year 1989 after declaration by the prime minster

Ras Mohammed
A lot of people, and me among them, believe that Ras Mohamed does not belong to this world
Siwa Oasis
Siwa one of the most inaccessible oases of Egypt till recently is considered to be
WadiDegla Protectorate
Wadi Degla area in Cairo governorate was declared as a protectorate
Wadi el-Gemal National Park near Hamata

Wadi el Gamal protected area near Hamata in Egypt is a national park

White Desert
People who have visited white desert say it’s a truly magical place that’s hard to leave