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  • Cairo



    The captial of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, the name means "the victorious city". As the region's principal commercial, administrative, and tourist centre.
  • Alexandria



    Egypt's second largest city (3.5 million people), its largest seaport and the country's window onto the Mediterranean Sea. No city in Egypt has history as rich as that of Alexandria which witnessed so many historic events and legends!
  • Luxor



    Luxor hosts one third of the whole monuments and antiquities of the world. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important tourism spots in Egypt and maybe in the whole world.
  • Aswan



    Aswan is the 3rd largest city in Egypt and the biggest in Upper Egypt. Aswan was the ancient Egyptians' gateway to Africa. Today Aswan is major stop for may Nile cruise ships depart from Luxor to Aswan everyday.
  • Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm El Sheikh

    Sharm is the the jewel of Egyptian tourism industry now. The city offer some of the finest places for diving and snorkeling in the world, it offers great value for money if compared with many diving spots in the world.
  • Hurhgada



    Hurghada today is a world centre for sea sports such as diving, snorkelling, sailing, windsurfing, and deep-sea fishing. The unique offshore underwater gardens are justifiably famous amongst divers

Abu Galum Protectorate near Taba

Ras Abu Galum Protectorate in Egypt is located near Taba and was declared as a reserve in 1992 primarily for the protection of mangroves and coral reefs. The reserve lies to the north of the nabq protectorate along the Gulf of Aqaba. The land area covered by Abu Galum is about 400 square km.

Crow empress

An overview about the protectorate


Abu Galum Protectorate is a narrow coastal plain which has high coastal mountains and the area plays a significant role in regulating the use of land. The many channels are a home to more than 165 plants species which even includes the medicinal plant, Batheran which is used for treating abdominal colic. The wildlife in the area includes the Hyrax, the Rupell's Fox and the Striped Hyena. Also ten species of snakes and lizards can be seen when at this protectorate. It’s always advised to visitors to avoid the sandy areas which have vegetation and a local Bedouin guide must always accompany you when visiting this area.

Importance of Abu Gallum


The importance of Abu Gallum can be seen in the existence of a special topography in the area. Here you can see the mountains near the beaches and the varied terrains include coral reefs, sea herbs, sea creatures, lagoons, mountains and desert environmental system, meaning almost everything at one place. The valleys and mountains here are a home to a large variety of birds, wild animals and plants which have helped in turning this protectorate into a major tourist attraction in Egypt. Also for newbie’s here there are diving plans, safari as well as animal and bird watching programs. The reserve overall has more than 165 species of plants of which 44 are restricted to just this habitat. The reserve is also known for the underwater cave system which lies at a depth of more than 100 m. The system is extremely dangerous and unstable. Thus management of this area is very important to ensure the continuous flow of tourists to the place.

The protectorate is referred to be the best kept secrets of Sinai and depicts a picturesque protected area of Egypt. Its spectacular granite mountains ending abruptly on a narrow coastal plain fronted by rich coral reefs makes it a worthwhile visit.

More about Abu Gallum

Abu Gallum is third of the five protectorates located in the south Sinai district of Egypt. The place is famous for its high coastal mountains and coral reefs. You can find here the Nubian Ibex, Capra nubiana, which are found on virtually inaccessible peaks and the reefs, which are among the finest in the world, and are still in pristine condition.

How to reach Abu Gallum

You can reach Abu Gallum by driving from Taba. Also you can choose to trek from the Blue Hole Camp at Dahab which can take somewhere around an hour for the journey. Also, available is a camel ride to Abu Gallum, which can be rented along with a local guide from the Blue Hole. If thinking about driving to Abu Gallum from Dahab the road trip may take two hours.

Protectorates of Egypt

Abu Galum Protectorate
Ras Abu Galum Protectorate in Egypt is located near Taba
Ashtum el-Gamil Protectorate
Located in Egypt, at a distance of about 7 km from the Port Said
El Hassana Dome Protectorate
Announced in 1989, El Hassana Dome Protectorate
Lake Burullus Protectorate

Located towards the east of the Rosetta branch of the river Nile in Egypt

Lake Qarun Protectorate
Lake Qarun protectorate in Egypt is located in the El Fayoum governorate
Nabq Protectorate
Nabq protectorate in Egypt is located just 25 km from the city of Sharm El Sheikh
Petrified Forest Protectorate
The area outside Maadi, which lies about 30 kms away from Cairo
Sannur Valley Cave Protectorate

Sannur Valley Cave Protectorate is located in the Beni-Suef

Taba Protectorate
Declared in the year 1998, Taba protected area is located in the south Sinai
Wadi Al Allaqi Protectorate
Announced to be a protectorate in 1989, Wadi Al Allaqi
Wadi Al Assiut
Wadi Al Assuti is a protected area in Asiout Governorate
Wadi El Rayan Protectorate

Established in the year 1989 after declaration by the prime minster