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  • Cairo



    The captial of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, the name means "the victorious city". As the region's principal commercial, administrative, and tourist centre.
  • Alexandria



    Egypt's second largest city (3.5 million people), its largest seaport and the country's window onto the Mediterranean Sea. No city in Egypt has history as rich as that of Alexandria which witnessed so many historic events and legends!
  • Luxor



    Luxor hosts one third of the whole monuments and antiquities of the world. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important tourism spots in Egypt and maybe in the whole world.
  • Aswan



    Aswan is the 3rd largest city in Egypt and the biggest in Upper Egypt. Aswan was the ancient Egyptians' gateway to Africa. Today Aswan is major stop for may Nile cruise ships depart from Luxor to Aswan everyday.
  • Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm El Sheikh

    Sharm is the the jewel of Egyptian tourism industry now. The city offer some of the finest places for diving and snorkeling in the world, it offers great value for money if compared with many diving spots in the world.
  • Hurhgada



    Hurghada today is a world centre for sea sports such as diving, snorkelling, sailing, windsurfing, and deep-sea fishing. The unique offshore underwater gardens are justifiably famous amongst divers

Ashtum El Gamil Protectorate

Located in Egypt, at a distance of about 7 km from the Port Said, on the coastal road of Port Said Damietta, Ashtum el-Gamil is a protectorate. This protected area of Egypt lies at the eastern end of the sandbar separating the Lake Manzala from the Mediterranean Sea. Lake Manzala is known popularly as the most important wetland in Egypt where winter water birds come and also around a quarter million different birds visit the place every year. Some rare species of birds which visit this protectorate are Little Gull, Larus minuta, and Whiskered Tern, Chlidonias hybridus. Due to its natural setting this protected area of Egypt is often referred as a beautiful protectorate of the country.

Ashtum el-Gamil is touted to be a major stop for the migratory birds that come here to rest and eat after a long flying. Even after the area is being so polluted, birds still make use of the same as a breeding area. Some such birds that can be found here every year include the flamingoes, swans, seagulls and curlews. Referred as a natural reserve, Ashtum el-Gamil protectorate was established in the year 1988 with a prime objective of conserving migratory birds. The agency responsible for its management is the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA).

Crow empress

Climate at Ashtum el-Gamil


The place has a typical Mediterranean climate with temperatures in winters usually ranging between 12 to 20 degree Celsius while in the summer it lies between 18 to 33 degrees Celsius. The annual rainfall is less than 150 mm and the winds seen here are mostly north eastern during summers and southeastern and western during winters due to the influence of the wind exchange between the sea and the lake. The temperature of the water is about 13 degrees in winters and 30 degrees in summers.

Flora and fauna of the area


Most shallow areas at Ashtum el-Gamil are densely populated with rooted variety of plants like Phragmites, Potamogeton, Ceratophyllum: and Najas species. The protectorate is a place where many wintering and migratory birds come. Some species include Phalacrocorax carbo, Egretta alba, Ardea cinerea, Tadorna tadorna, Anas crecca, A. clypeata, Circus aeruginosus, Fulica atra, Recurvirostra avosetta, Charadrius alexandrinus, Calidris alba, C. minuta, C. alpina, Tringa totanus, Larus genei, Chlidonias hybridus, Alcedo atthis, Motacillidaes, Luscinia svecica.

In addition to birds there are a large species of fishes caught in the lake and at the entrance, freshwater fishes like Cichlidae (Tilapia), Siluridae, Cyprinidae and Serranidae, and euryhaline or haline fishes like Mugilidae, Anguillidae, Serranidae, Sparidae, Clupeidae and Pleuronectidae.

Why visit Ashtum El Gamil Protectorate ?

Visiting this protectorate can offer not just a treat of nature but there are many nearby attractions as well which can turn this visit into a perfect holiday. Such places include the Dream Park which is an amazing place. Another is an open air shopping Mall referred as II Mercato and also the Lake Burullus is a place worth visiting. Bird watching at the lake is an experience which cannot be just left alone when visiting this protectorate of Egypt.

Protectorates of Egypt

Abu Galum Protectorate
Ras Abu Galum Protectorate in Egypt is located near Taba
Ashtum el-Gamil Protectorate
Located in Egypt, at a distance of about 7 km from the Port Said
El Hassana Dome Protectorate
Announced in 1989, El Hassana Dome Protectorate
Lake Burullus Protectorate

Located towards the east of the Rosetta branch of the river Nile in Egypt

Lake Qarun Protectorate
Lake Qarun protectorate in Egypt is located in the El Fayoum governorate
Nabq Protectorate
Nabq protectorate in Egypt is located just 25 km from the city of Sharm El Sheikh
Petrified Forest Protectorate
The area outside Maadi, which lies about 30 kms away from Cairo
Sannur Valley Cave Protectorate

Sannur Valley Cave Protectorate is located in the Beni-Suef

Taba Protectorate
Declared in the year 1998, Taba protected area is located in the south Sinai
Wadi Al Allaqi Protectorate
Announced to be a protectorate in 1989, Wadi Al Allaqi
Wadi Al Assiut
Wadi Al Assuti is a protected area in Asiout Governorate
Wadi El Rayan Protectorate

Established in the year 1989 after declaration by the prime minster