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  • Cairo



    The captial of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, the name means "the victorious city". As the region's principal commercial, administrative, and tourist centre.
  • Alexandria



    Egypt's second largest city (3.5 million people), its largest seaport and the country's window onto the Mediterranean Sea. No city in Egypt has history as rich as that of Alexandria which witnessed so many historic events and legends!
  • Luxor



    Luxor hosts one third of the whole monuments and antiquities of the world. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important tourism spots in Egypt and maybe in the whole world.
  • Aswan



    Aswan is the 3rd largest city in Egypt and the biggest in Upper Egypt. Aswan was the ancient Egyptians' gateway to Africa. Today Aswan is major stop for may Nile cruise ships depart from Luxor to Aswan everyday.
  • Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm El Sheikh

    Sharm is the the jewel of Egyptian tourism industry now. The city offer some of the finest places for diving and snorkeling in the world, it offers great value for money if compared with many diving spots in the world.
  • Hurhgada



    Hurghada today is a world centre for sea sports such as diving, snorkelling, sailing, windsurfing, and deep-sea fishing. The unique offshore underwater gardens are justifiably famous amongst divers

El Hassana Dome Protectorate

Announced in 1989, El Hassana Dome Protectorate is located in the Giza governorate in Egypt and is a geological protected area covering a land area of one square km. reaching the place is very easy from Cairo which lays just 23 kms away from the protectorate.

The Hassana Dome is often referred as a museum or a specialized scientific institute which helps in the study of geology and a number of geological formations including foults, folds and also comparing these formations with other places. The dome is a perfect area for the study of fossil science due to the existence of fossils gathering preserved here in perfectly reserved colonies. The climate change which characterizes the area also helps in the studies greatly. The morine fossils found here depict a complete record of the ancient history.

Crow empress

More about the history of the reserve


The reserve is located in the Cairo-Alexandria road at Abu Rawash and lies around 8 km from the Great Giza Pyramids. The distinguished history of the reserve is depicted in its topographical merits and its geological makeup. It’s the only reserve near Cairo that has remnants from the crustaceous age dating back to about one million years. The rocks found here belong to the Stone Age and are believed to have been formed 60 million years back and from the rocky age about 40 million years back.

Area the reserve covers


The Hassana dome covers an area of one square km and the highest point here lies at 149 meter above sea level is referred as the Al Hassana dome and is located in the western desert. Meanwhile the highest point in the eastern part rises to about 109 meters above sea level.

The name of the reserve comes from its dome shaped hills which are located at the foot of the Hassana valley. The reserve meanwhile is divided into two by the Cairo- Alexandria highway. The protectorate is one of the smallest one in Egypt and is not very popular among tourists. Also the urbanization and pollution has taken a toll over the same. The New Giza housing project is very near located. The protectorate is referred as a purely geological protectorate and you cannot find much here where plants, animals or wildlife is considered.

Excavation contents of the reserve

The quarried content of the Al Hassana Dome gives it a distinguished meaning where the components are gathered as a well preserved canton. The place represents an open museum that displays a complete record of ancient life, its climate and the environment during the late cretaceous age which dates back to about 100 million years.

The Dome reserve is also known to have some of the rarest plant species found only in northern Egypt.

To any person who is not a geologist or doesn’t have any love for nature might find the Dome Reserve something very ordinary. But to the specialists and those having a keen eye for nature the Hassana Dome truly does resemble an open-air prehistoric museum.

Protectorates of Egypt

Abu Galum Protectorate
Ras Abu Galum Protectorate in Egypt is located near Taba
Ashtum el-Gamil Protectorate
Located in Egypt, at a distance of about 7 km from the Port Said
El Hassana Dome Protectorate
Announced in 1989, El Hassana Dome Protectorate
Lake Burullus Protectorate

Located towards the east of the Rosetta branch of the river Nile in Egypt

Lake Qarun Protectorate
Lake Qarun protectorate in Egypt is located in the El Fayoum governorate
Nabq Protectorate
Nabq protectorate in Egypt is located just 25 km from the city of Sharm El Sheikh
Petrified Forest Protectorate
The area outside Maadi, which lies about 30 kms away from Cairo
Sannur Valley Cave Protectorate

Sannur Valley Cave Protectorate is located in the Beni-Suef

Taba Protectorate
Declared in the year 1998, Taba protected area is located in the south Sinai
Wadi Al Allaqi Protectorate
Announced to be a protectorate in 1989, Wadi Al Allaqi
Wadi Al Assiut
Wadi Al Assuti is a protected area in Asiout Governorate
Wadi El Rayan Protectorate

Established in the year 1989 after declaration by the prime minster