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  • Cairo



    The captial of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, the name means "the victorious city". As the region's principal commercial, administrative, and tourist centre.
  • Alexandria



    Egypt's second largest city (3.5 million people), its largest seaport and the country's window onto the Mediterranean Sea. No city in Egypt has history as rich as that of Alexandria which witnessed so many historic events and legends!
  • Luxor



    Luxor hosts one third of the whole monuments and antiquities of the world. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important tourism spots in Egypt and maybe in the whole world.
  • Aswan



    Aswan is the 3rd largest city in Egypt and the biggest in Upper Egypt. Aswan was the ancient Egyptians' gateway to Africa. Today Aswan is major stop for may Nile cruise ships depart from Luxor to Aswan everyday.
  • Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm El Sheikh

    Sharm is the the jewel of Egyptian tourism industry now. The city offer some of the finest places for diving and snorkeling in the world, it offers great value for money if compared with many diving spots in the world.
  • Hurhgada



    Hurghada today is a world centre for sea sports such as diving, snorkelling, sailing, windsurfing, and deep-sea fishing. The unique offshore underwater gardens are justifiably famous amongst divers

Lake Burullus Protectorate

Located towards the east of the Rosetta branch of the river Nile in Egypt, Lake Burullus is a protected area stretching over 460 square kilometers. The lake is touted to be the second largest natural lake in the country. Towards the north on the seaward border there are many shallow brackish lagoons and salt marshes, some of which include the Lake Marout (Buḥayrat Maryūṭ), Lake Edku (Buḥayrat Idkū), Lake Burullus (Buḥayrat Al-Burullus), and Lake Manzala (Buḥayrat Al-Manzilah).

The lake is shallow and has a number of environmental treasures. The salt swamps and the sand plains are most important of its treasures which also have sand dunes that are located on the coasts of the lake. The lake is rather elongated and there are around 50 islands scattered over it and has one connection with the sea. The salt concentration is high towards the north which keeps on decreasing as we move towards the south. Southern part of the lake is where the salt is produced commercially and where fish farming are done. The southern shore is bordered by reed swamps and a large variety of aquatic vegetation is seen underwater. The lake is a home to over 135 species of plants both of the land and aquatic variety. The lake is important wetland for waterfowl which is seen here during the winter season and also one can see here Wigeon, Anas penelope, and Ferruginous Duck, Aythya nyroca. The protectorate is a place to have a great experience of bird watching as many migrating wild birds can be seen here during the winters.

This brackish water lake in the Nile Delta of Egypt lies in the Kafr el Sheikh governorate and is bordered on the north by the Mediterranean Sea and agricultural land borders the same towards the south.

Crow empress



Lake Burullus is considered to be a lake and wetland site where many migratory birds come under the Ramsar Convention. The water in the lake is a result of the agricultural drainage accounting for 97%, while the remaining comes from rain water and groundwater. The 16% of water in the lake gets evaporated while the remaining 84% flows into the sea.

Environmental diversity at the lake


At this protectorate a number of environments prevail and most significant is the sand plains and the salt swamps. Also there are high sand dunes present here. The atmosphere makes it an ideal place for more than 135 species of migratory birds that migrate here to escape the harsh winters.

Prime reason or objective

Lake Burullus was declared as a protectorate to conserve the biological diversity seen here and also for providing the extinct species a natural habitat whose extinction was a result of the human activities. Also the lake helped in monitoring environmental changes and protecting damp grounds. The reserve also helps in encouraging natural or eco tourism in Egypt and helps in conducting applied and scientific research. The lake helps in protecting natural resources especially those that are of economic significance.


At Lake Burullus about 33 species of fishes, 23 species of reptiles, 112 species of birds, and 18 species of mammals live. Initially when the lake was made there were over 52 species of fishes whose number declined due to the decrease in salt concentration due to inflow of agricultural water in the lake.

Protectorates of Egypt

Abu Galum Protectorate
Ras Abu Galum Protectorate in Egypt is located near Taba
Ashtum el-Gamil Protectorate
Located in Egypt, at a distance of about 7 km from the Port Said
El Hassana Dome Protectorate
Announced in 1989, El Hassana Dome Protectorate
Lake Burullus Protectorate

Located towards the east of the Rosetta branch of the river Nile in Egypt

Lake Qarun Protectorate
Lake Qarun protectorate in Egypt is located in the El Fayoum governorate
Nabq Protectorate
Nabq protectorate in Egypt is located just 25 km from the city of Sharm El Sheikh
Petrified Forest Protectorate
The area outside Maadi, which lies about 30 kms away from Cairo
Sannur Valley Cave Protectorate

Sannur Valley Cave Protectorate is located in the Beni-Suef

Taba Protectorate
Declared in the year 1998, Taba protected area is located in the south Sinai
Wadi Al Allaqi Protectorate
Announced to be a protectorate in 1989, Wadi Al Allaqi
Wadi Al Assiut
Wadi Al Assuti is a protected area in Asiout Governorate
Wadi El Rayan Protectorate

Established in the year 1989 after declaration by the prime minster