Located on the Mediterranean coast, Alexandria is a lovely city that offers a unique blend of history, culture, and natural beauty. As Egypt's second-largest city and largest seaport, it is known as a gateway to the Mediterranean Sea. With its rich Greek and Egyptian heritage, Alexandria has a distinct charm that captivates visitors worldwide. In this AskAladdin guide, we will delve into the wonders of Alexandria, exploring its iconic landmarks, vibrant culture, and practical travel tips. Alexandria has something to offer everyone, whether you're interested in ancient history, lively markets, or simply relaxing by the sea.
The city of Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BCE; Alexandria has history spans over two millennia. As one of the wealthiest and most cultured cities in the ancient world, it quickly became a center of economic and cultural influence. Under the rule of the Ptolemies, Alexandria was known for its grandeur and intellect. The legendary Library of Alexandria, one of the most extensive knowledge repositories in the ancient world, attracted scholars from far and wide. Unfortunately, the library and the iconic Pharos Lighthouse, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, have been lost to time and natural disasters. Despite losing these architectural marvels, Alexandria still holds remnants of its glorious past, waiting to be discovered by curious travelers.
Standing proudly at the western end of the corniche, the Qaitbay Citadel is a testament to Alexandria's ancient history. Built-in the 15th century on the site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, the citadel offers panoramic views of the city's coast and the Mediterranean Sea. Explore the citadel's three levels, admire the beautiful mosque within its walls, and walk along the city walls for breathtaking vistas.
No visit to Alexandria would be complete without a visit to the modern Bibliotheca Alexandrina, a tribute to the city's lost ancient library. This architectural masterpiece houses many books, manuscripts, and artworks. Immerse yourself in the world of knowledge as you explore the library's exhibitions, attend cultural events, or relax in its serene surroundings.
Located near the western end of the corniche, the Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque is a stunning example of Islamic architecture. Step inside the mosque's beautifully decorated interior and marvel at the intricate designs and lanterns hanging from the ceiling. As one of the most prominent mosques in Alexandria, it offers a peaceful sanctuary amidst the bustling city.
Descend into the depths of history as you explore the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa, a fascinating underground burial site from the Greco-Roman period. Wander through the labyrinthine passages and marvel at the intricate carvings and artwork adorned the tombs. This unique site offers a glimpse into Alexandria's multicultural past and the blending of different civilizations.
Escape the hustle and bustle of the city and immerse yourself in the tranquil beauty of Montazah Palace and Gardens. This expansive complex features stunning gardens, palm-lined pathways, and a picturesque beach. Take a stroll, enjoy a picnic by the sea, or visit the palace, which offers a glimpse into the opulent lifestyle of Egypt's royals.
Alexandria offers various modes of transportation to navigate the city and its surroundings. While walking along the corniche is a pleasant way to explore the central area, taxis, and private cars are also readily available. Negotiating fares with taxi drivers in advance is advisable to avoid misunderstandings. Additionally, trains provide a safe and convenient option for longer journeys within and outside the city.
Alexandria offers a range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. There is something for everyone, from luxurious waterfront hotels to cozy boutique guesthouses. To get a lovely unique experience, consider staying in a historic hotel that exudes old-world charm and offers a glimpse into Alexandria's past.
Alexandria's culinary scene is a delightful blend of traditional Egyptian cuisine and international flavors. Explore the city's vibrant markets, known as souks, where you can sample various street food and local delicacies. From freshly caught seafood to aromatic kebabs, Alexandria's diverse dining options will tantalize your taste buds.
While Alexandria is generally a safe city to visit, exercising caution and being aware of your surroundings is essential. Petty crimes such as pickpocketing can occur in crowded areas, so it is advisable to keep your belongings secure. It is also recommended to avoid displaying excessive wealth or valuables and to stay vigilant in tourist areas.
Alexandria enjoys a Mediterranean climate characterized by mild winters and hot summers. The city experiences pleasant temperatures throughout the year, with average highs ranging from 17°C (63°F) in January to 27°C (81°F) in August. Be sure to pack accordingly and consider the weather when planning outdoor activities.
Most visitors to Alexandria will require a visa to enter Egypt. It is recommended to check the specific visa requirements for your country of residence and ensure that your passport is valid for at least six months beyond your planned departure date. Tourist visas can be obtained from Egyptian embassies or consulates upon arrival at the airport or in advance.
The official currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound (EGP). ATMs are widely available in Alexandria, and significant, major credit cards are widely accepted at most hotels, restaurants, and shops. Carrying cash for smaller establishments and markets that may not accept cards is advisable.
Arabic is the official language in Alex, but English is widely spoken in tourist areas and establishments. It is helpful to carry a phrasebook or language translation app to facilitate communication, especially in more remote areas.
Respecting local customs and traditions is essential when visiting Alexandria. We always advise you to dress modestly only when visiting religious sites and be mindful of local businesses regarding public displays of affection. It is also polite to ask for permission before taking photographs of individuals, especially in more conservative areas.
Alexandria, with its rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning coastal beauty, offers a unique experience for travelers. From exploring ancient sites and museums to immersing yourself in the local cuisine and dynamic markets, this coastal gem has no shortage of things to see and do. With proper planning and awareness, you can enjoy a memorable and enriching visit to Alexandria, discovering its hidden treasures and embracing the warmth and hospitality of its people. So pack your bags, prepare for an adventure, and get ready to explore all that Alexandria has to offer.