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Tunah Al Jabal: Unveiling the Secrets of Egypt's Ancient Necropolis


Nestled in the Al Minya Governorate in Upper Egypt, Tunah Al Jabal has witnessed the wonders of the ancient Egyptian civilization for centuries. In this article, we will embark on a journey to explore the mysteries and marvels of this remarkable site.
Tuna El-Gebel is a small village located in the Minya Governorate of Egypt. It is home to several ancient monuments, including the largest cemetery dedicated to the god Thoth. The town is also home to a Roman waterwheel, considered a unique masterpiece of Roman engineering.
Tuna El-Gebel was founded in the fourth century BC. It was initially a small settlement, but it grew in importance over time as it became a significant center for worshipping Thoth. The god Thoth was the god of wisdom, knowledge, and writing. He was also the patron god of scribes and magicians.
The most famous monument in Tuna El-Gebel is the Ashmounite City Cemetery. This cemetery is home to several tombs and catacombs dedicated to burying sacred animals, such as the ibis and the baboon. The ibis was associated with Thoth, and the baboon was associated with the sun god Ra.
The Roman waterwheel in Tuna El-Gebel is a unique structure still in working order today. The waterwheel is made of stone and is about 30 meters in diameter. The Nile River powers it and irrigates the surrounding fields.
Tuna El-Gebel is a fascinating place that offers a glimpse into the ancient civilizations of Egypt. It is a must-visit for anyone interested in history and archaeology.

Here are some other interesting facts about Tuna El-Gebel:

  • The village is located on the edge of the desert, about 30 kilometers from the city of Minya.

  • The climate in Tuna El-Gebel is hot and dry, with average temperatures ranging from 20 to 40 degrees Celsius.

  • The village is home to several other ancient monuments, including a temple dedicated to Thoth, a Roman bathhouse, and several Christian churches.

  • Tuna El-Gebel is a popular tourist destination with several hotels and restaurants.

Discovering Tunah Al Jabal

Tunah Al Jabal, also known as Tuna el-Gebel, is the largest Greco-Roman cemetery in Egypt, dating back to the New Kingdom and Roman Period. Situated approximately 259 kilometers south of Cairo, this historic site has been explored and excavated for over a century. Archaeologists have uncovered a wealth of tombs, temples, and artifacts that offer a glimpse into the lives of the ancient Egyptians.

The Fascinating Tombs of Tunah Al Jabal

One of the highlights of Tunah Al Jabal is its extensive collection of tombs. Each grave has unique stories and secrets, from the Ptolemaic burial chambers to the Roman period's mud-brick tombs. The tomb of Petosiris, a prominent figure from ancient Egypt, is a testament to this necropolis's grandeur and significance.

Exploring the Temples and Monuments

Tunah Al Jabal is renowned for its tombs, temples, and monuments. The Boundary Stelae of Akhenaten, the oldest and most damaged monument in the area, represents the ancient customs and traditions of the Egyptians. The Catacombs, Tomb of Petosiris, and the Tomb and Chapel of Isadora are other notable structures that showcase the artistic and architectural prowess of the ancient civilization.

Preservation Efforts and Visitor Experience

Preserving the monuments at Tunah Al Jabal is paramount to ensure their longevity. Many of these ancient structures have been carefully concealed in glass to protect them from further erosion caused by the weather. It allows visitors to marvel at the intricate details and craftsmanship while ensuring their preservation for future generations.

Tunah Al Jabal: An Enchanting Journey

Visiting Tunah Al Jabal promises an enchanting journey through time and a deeper understanding of ancient Egypt. As you wander through the cemetery, you'll be captivated by the stories engraved in the rock and the mummies that rest peacefully within the burial chambers. It's an experience that allows you to connect with this extraordinary land's rich history and cultural heritage.

How to Visit Tunah Al Jabal

Planning a visit to Tunah Al Jabal is an exciting endeavor. To make the most of your trip, consider using the Tunah Al Jabal trip planner, which offers customized plans tailored to your preferences. Whether you're interested in exploring the tombs, temples, or nearby landmarks, the trip planner will help you create an itinerary that suits your interests.
The best way to get to Tuna El-Gebel is by car. The village is located on the Minya-Asyut road, about 30 kilometers from Minya. There is also a bus that runs from Minya to Tuna El-Gebel several times a day.

Getting to Tunah Al Jabal

Reaching Tunah Al Jabal is relatively straightforward. Rented cars are a convenient option for transportation, allowing you to explore the region at your own pace. The town is located in the Al Minya Governorate, approximately 161 miles south of Cairo, making it easily accessible for travelers.

Tips for visiting Tuna El-Gebel:

  • The best time to visit Tuna El-Gebel is during the cooler months, from October to March.

  • Be sure to wear comfortable shoes, as you will be doing a lot of walking.

  • Bring sunscreen and a hat, as the sun can be powerful in Egypt.

  • Allow at least half a day to explore Tuna El-Gebel.


Tunah Al Jabal is a testament to Egypt's magnificent past and the enduring legacy of its ancient civilization. From the grandeur of the tombs to the intricate details of the temples, every corner of this cemetery holds a story waiting to be discovered. As you explore its wonders, you'll immerse yourself in the rich history and awe-inspiring beauty of Tunah Al Jabal.

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