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  • Cairo

    Cairo

    Cairo

    The captial of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, the name means "the victorious city". As the region's principal commercial, administrative, and tourist centre.
  • Alexandria

    Alexandria

    Alexandria

    Egypt's second largest city (3.5 million people), its largest seaport and the country's window onto the Mediterranean Sea. No city in Egypt has history as rich as that of Alexandria which witnessed so many historic events and legends!
  • Luxor

    Luxor

    Luxor

    Luxor hosts one third of the whole monuments and antiquities of the world. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important tourism spots in Egypt and maybe in the whole world.
  • Aswan

    Aswan

    Aswan

    Aswan is the 3rd largest city in Egypt and the biggest in Upper Egypt. Aswan was the ancient Egyptians' gateway to Africa. Today Aswan is major stop for may Nile cruise ships depart from Luxor to Aswan everyday.
  • Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm El Sheikh

    Sharm is the the jewel of Egyptian tourism industry now. The city offer some of the finest places for diving and snorkeling in the world, it offers great value for money if compared with many diving spots in the world.
  • Hurhgada

    Hurhgada

    Hurghada

    Hurghada today is a world centre for sea sports such as diving, snorkelling, sailing, windsurfing, and deep-sea fishing. The unique offshore underwater gardens are justifiably famous amongst divers

Hathor - The Cow Goddess

Hathor the cow goddess is among the most famous goddesses worshipped in ancient Egyptian era. Also referred as the great one of many Names, she had many titles which made her very important in every sphere of life right from birth till death. Her worship was widespread in the pre dynastic era as her name was found on the Narmer palette. Hathor was also known as the goddess of motherhood, joy and love. The goddess was also known to be the protectress of pregnant women and a midwife. Also known as the goddess of music and dancing in this form she was represented by the symbol of the sistrum. Hathor was also linked with the inundation of Nile for being the goddess of moisture and fertility goddess.

Hathor - The Cow Goddess

 

Representations of Hathor

Hathor - The Cow Goddess

Originally worshipped as a cow she was sometimes represented as a cow having stars. Later on she was represented as a woman having a head of a cow and still later on as a full human. The face then was placid and broad and in some pictures she is depicted having ears or horns of a cow. Some pictures show her wearing a headdress resembling two horns with the moon disk between them. A cow standing in the boats surrounded by tall papyrus reeds represent her sometimes. As the "Mistress of the Necropolis" she was shown as the head of a cow protruding from a mountainside, where she is wearing a menat necklace symbolizing rebirth.

The many forms of Hathor

Hathor - The Cow Goddess

Hathor took many forms including woman, goose, cat, malachite, lion, Sycamore fir which are just few of the many. The most famous manifestation of Hathor is a cow and even as a woman where she is seen having ears of a cow or a pair of horns. As a cow she was always shown having beautiful eyes and she was mostly shown in the color red even though her sacred color was turquoise. Also an unusual fact with Hathor is that only she and the dwarf God Bes were depicted in portrait form. It’s said that Isis was similar to Hathor in many ways and in some pictures it’s very difficult to say that which of the two goddesses have been shown.

Hathor was considered to be an embodiment of success and power and was not believed to have experienced doubts. Hathor was believed to be very goal centric and single minded to pursuit her goals. In the form of Sekhmet she took no pity on the people and did not stop killing them even when she was ordered to do the same.

The change of role

During later times when the cult of Osiris gained popularity, the role of Hathor changed. She was now known to welcome the arrival of the deceased to the underworld. Who dispersed water to their soul from the branches of a sycamore and also offered food. Hathor was also represented as a cow suckling the soul of the dead, thus giving them help during their mummification, their journey to the hall of judgment, and the weighing of soul. During later time deceased women associated themselves as Hathor as men identified with Osiris.


Other Gods of Egypt

Amun
Amun - King of the Gods
Throughout the history of Egypt has been an important figure
Anubis
Anubis - The God of Death
Anubis, the God of Death is among the most iconic gods
Geb
Geb - The God of the Earth
Geb who is one of the most important gods in ancient Egypt
Hathor
Hathor - The Cow Goddess

Hathor the cow goddess is among the most famous goddesses

Horus
Horus - The Egyptian Falcon God
The Egyptian falcon god, god Horus is among the most famous gods
Isis
Isis - The Goddess of Fertility
The goddess of fertility, Isis was also known as the goddess of
Ihy
Ihy - The God of Music
The Egyptian god of music, Ihy is said to have played a minor role in the mythology
Ma'at
Ma'at - The God of Justice

Ma’at often referred as a goddess is more commonly considered

Ma'at
Seth - The God of Chaos

Seth, the god of Chaos, was known to represent everything

Ra - The Sun God
Ra - The Sun God

The Sun God in ancient Egypt was primarily known as Ra

Nut - The Sky Goddess
Nut - The Sky Goddess
Nut, the sky goddess is known by a legend that her body created a vault