c

To make this site work properly, we sometimes place small data files called cookies on your device, in keeping with the standard policy of most large websites.   What are cookies?   A cookie is a small text file that a website saves on your computer or mobile device when you...Cookie Policy

inrpgmasterhead_bottomsec_banner

Userkaf

Userkaf was the founder of the Fifth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. He ruled Egypt only for 7 years, from 2494 – 2487 B.C, as per the Turin King List. He is known to start the new tradition of building royal necropolises called Sun temples at Abusir. He is also famous for the construction of the Pyramid of Userkaf, in Saqqara. His name meant ‘His soul is strong’ in old Egyptian, the word ‘ka’ meaning ‘soul’. He succeeded Pharaoh Shepseskaf, the last king of the Fourth Dynasty. But some Egyptologists believe that he actually succeeded Djedefptah, the son of Shepseskaf. Userkaf was succeeded by his son Sahure, whom some scholars believe to be his brother as well.

 

userkaf

 

The Personal life history of Userkaf

 

userkaf

Userkaf's father remains unknown, but there have been disputes regarding the actual name of his mother. According to some historians, Userkaf was a direct descendant of Djedefre, the third king of the Fourth Dynasty. These scholars believe that Neferhetepes, the daughter of Djedefre was the mother of Userkaf. But according to the ancient Egyptian story that is mentioned in the Westcar Papyrus, the name of the mother of Userkaf was Raddjedet, whose connection with the royal family is still unknown. Some scholars even believe that Khentkaus I was the mother of Userkaf, who was the daughter of Menkaure. But most of the Egyptologists have the common opinion that Queen Khentkaus I was actually the wife of Userkaf, who married her before ascending the throne of Egypt. Sahure was known to be the only son of this ancient king, as the evidence of the presence of any other son is not yet found. Some historians believe that Neferirkare Kakai was also the son of Userkaf, though it is commonly accepted that he was the son of Sahure.

 

The buildings constructed by Userkaf

 

userkaf

The Pyramid of Userkaf was built in 2490 B.C, in the royal necropolis of Saqqara, near the Step Pyramid of Djoser. But this building is now almost completely destroyed and looks like a mound of sand, among the desert sands. Hence, it is known as ‘El-Haram el-Maharbish’, in the local Egyptian language, which means the ‘Heap of Stone’. It was discovered as an ancient royal pyramid in the 19th century, by the archeologists of the European countries. This pyramid complex originally consisted of the main pyramid and mortuary temple of the Pharaoh, along with a chapel for worship. There was also a separate pyramid and mortuary temple, built for Queen Neferhetepes, all of which are now completely in ruined condition. The design of this pyramid complex was almost same as that of the pyramids, built by the earlier kings of Egypt.

 

The Sun Temple of Abu Gorab was definitely the most incredible architectural piece, constructed by Userkaf. Here, the king was depicted as the son of Re, the Sun-God; instead of a powerful God himself. The setting sun was worshipped here and hence, the altar is arranged towards the west. The basic architectural characteristics of this Sun temple greatly resemble those seen in the pyramids of the Egyptian kings; as the Sun temple too was comprised of a high temple, valley temple and a causeway, much like the pyramids.

 

 

 

OTHER PHARAOHS OF EGYPT

Djedefre

Djedefre was one of Egypt's notable Pharaohs during the Fourth...

Djoser

Djoser was an ancient Egyptian King belonging to the Third Dynasty of...

Djedkare

The long reign of Djedkare, the eighth ruler of 5th dynasty in Egypt,...

Huni

Huni is known to be an Egyptian Pharaoh, who is believed to be the...

Intef I

Prologue: Who Was Intef? It’s a matter of debate...

Intef III

Intef III was the fourth pharaoh of the Eleventh Dynasty of Ancient...

Intef II

The Reign & The Conquest Intef II came to...

Khaba

Khaba was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh, who by birth belonged to the...

Khafre

Khafre was an Egyptian king, from the Fourth Dynasty of the Old...

Menkauhor

Menkauhor was the least known pharaoh of the 5th dynasty, but there...

Khufu

Khufu was one of the most renowned Pharaohs of ancient Egypt and he...

Menkaure

Menkaure was the fifth king in the line of the Fourth Dynasty, in the...

Merenre I

Merenre I was the fourth ruler of the Sixth Dynasty of Old Kingdom....

Neferefre

There are many different opinions regarding the Pharaoh Neferefre and...

Merenre II

Merenre II was the second-to-last Pharaoh of the Sixth Dynasty of the...

Neferirkare

Neferirkare Kakai was the third Pharaoh of the Fifth...

Niuserre

Niuserre was a successful pharaoh of Egypt who ruled for a long time...

Pepi II

A Brief Introduction After the death of Merenre I, the...

Pepi I

A Brief Introduction The contributions of King...

Sahure

Sahure was the second king of the Fifth Dynasty during the Old...

Sanakht

Ancient Egyptian relics have revealed that Sanakht was a Pharaoh of...

Shepseskaf

Shepseskaf was the last king of the Fourth Dynasty of the Egyptian...

Sekhemkhet

Pharoah Sekhemkhet ruled during the Third Dynasty of ancient...

Shepseskare

Shepseskare was known as Shepseskara in ancient Egyptian language,...

Sneferu

Sneferu is famous for being the founder ruler of the Fourth Dynasty...

King Unas

Unas, or Unis, was the last ruler of the 5th dynasty. Under his rule,...

Teti

There is a close resemblance between Teti and his predecessor Unas in...

Userkaf

Userkaf was the founder of the Fifth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. He...

Userkare

Userkare was the second pharaoh of ancient Egypt's 6th dynasty....

Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten)

Akhenaton, often called Amenhotep I, was a famous pharaoh....

Ahmose I

Ahmose I is among the many ancient pharaohs and rulers in Egypt and...

Ay (Itnetjer)

Ay was a king of the 18th dynasty and is said to have inherited...

Horemheb

About Horemheb Horemheb was the last king of the 18th...

Merenptah

Merenptah is believed to have been the 13th son of Ramessses and he...

Mentuhotep II

Mentuhotep II was a member of the royal family of Egypt who reunited...

Queen Henutsen

Queen Henutsen was an Egyptian queen and the wife of Khufu....

Queen Mereneith

Queen Mereneith rose to the throne after King Den during the middle...

Ramesses I

AboutRamesses I Ramesses I Menphetyre was believed...

Queen Nitocris

Queen Nitocris was an Egyptian pharaoh who ruled during the 6th...

Smenkhare

Smenkhare (Ankhkheperure) was the eleventh pharaoh of the 18th...

Tao II

AboutTao II Tao II is known by the name of...

King Tutankhamen

King Tutankhamen or Heqaiunushema (Nebheperure) is one of Egypt's...

Tourists who visit this page also visit the following pages:

certified
Egypt Travel Information, Egypt Tour Operator, Egypt Trips, Egypt Vacation
dmca
travel
trip adviser
Better Business Bureau

Copyright©1999-2020  Ask-Aladdin (DMCA Protected)