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Lake Qarun Protectorate

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Introduction to Lake Qaren Protected Area

 

cairoLake Qarun protectorate is located in the El Fayoum governorate of Egypt and is a type of wetland. It was established 1989 and covers about 1,358 square kilometers. Cairo is only about 9 km from the protectorate. The Lake is among the most ancient natural lakes on earth and is a part of the pre-existing Morris Lake. The large variety of sea, river, and continent fossils have helped the place in becoming globally renowned.

 

The fossils here date back to about 40 million years. The fossil of the oldest monkey on earth, Egyptobethks, was also found here dating back to the Oligocene era, and some petrified trees from that period can also be found here. The area is a home to a large variety of amphibians, reptiles, and mammals which make a major part of the environmental system of this area. The presence of historical monuments has helped Lake Quran attract a large number of tourists every year.

 

More About The Protectorate

 

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The place is known for its many water birds. The 276-acre island acts as the best spot for the reproduction of birds, especially the flamingo. It helps in incubating and protecting the newly born birds on the lake islets during the time of reproduction. Recognized globally as an important bird area, thousands of migratory birds rest here during the winter season. Some species include Flamingos, grey herons, spoonbills and many duck species, to name a few, flock to the lake during the fall.

 

The Many Monuments Nearby

 

The protectorate is a natural wonder and is also the location of many monuments including the As-Sagha (goldsmiths) palace dating back to the Middle Kingdom in the northern part. Three kilometers from here is the Abu Lifa Monastery constructed during the monastic period on an elevated place to keep monks secured from the Romans. The Greek monuments of the area include the old town of Skitnopius, which was once the departure point for the south desert-bound trade caravans. For those who wish to stay nearby there are several eco-lodges, as well as two 5 star hotels, in Fayoum.

 

The Importance of Lake Quarun

 

Lake Qarun protectorate in Egypt is one of the most treasured and richest landmarks in Egypt. The place is blessed with not just the beauty of plentiful birds but is also known for its unmatched historical, natural and scientific importance. Gebal Qatarni near the northern part of the lake is said to have the complete fossil records of marshland mammals and terrestrial primates on earth and is very important for understanding the evolution of humans. The area is also being considered as a world heritage site by UNESCO.

 

Lake Qarun is especially known for its flamingo birds and the protectorate also provides food, shelter and breeding grounds for a wide variety of resident and migrating birds, including several endangered species.

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