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  • Cairo

    Cairo

    Cairo

    The captial of Egypt and the largest city in Africa, the name means "the victorious city". As the region's principal commercial, administrative, and tourist centre.
  • Alexandria

    Alexandria

    Alexandria

    Egypt's second largest city (3.5 million people), its largest seaport and the country's window onto the Mediterranean Sea. No city in Egypt has history as rich as that of Alexandria which witnessed so many historic events and legends!
  • Luxor

    Luxor

    Luxor

    Luxor hosts one third of the whole monuments and antiquities of the world. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important tourism spots in Egypt and maybe in the whole world.
  • Aswan

    Aswan

    Aswan

    Aswan is the 3rd largest city in Egypt and the biggest in Upper Egypt. Aswan was the ancient Egyptians' gateway to Africa. Today Aswan is major stop for may Nile cruise ships depart from Luxor to Aswan everyday.
  • Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm Elsheikh

    Sharm El Sheikh

    Sharm is the the jewel of Egyptian tourism industry now. The city offer some of the finest places for diving and snorkeling in the world, it offers great value for money if compared with many diving spots in the world.
  • Hurhgada

    Hurhgada

    Hurghada

    Hurghada today is a world centre for sea sports such as diving, snorkelling, sailing, windsurfing, and deep-sea fishing. The unique offshore underwater gardens are justifiably famous amongst divers

Pyramid of Meidum

Unfortunately this is one of the forgotten sites of Egypt. Rarely will you find it included in the regular tourist itineraries, as most of the visitors nowadays follow a very traditional and established itinerary, which mainly includes Pyramid sites such as the Pyramids of Giza, and the Step Pyramid of Sakkara! I have noticed, in the last few years, that some travel agencies are starting to organize trips, to thePyramid of Meidum and the Pyramid of Dashur, in a one-day trip

 

.pyramid of maidoum

 

We just hope they keep doing this, as this Pyramid has a special magic! In my opinion, a visit to this collapsed Pyramid is very worthwhile! It is one of those sites that had, and still keeps, lots of secrets!!

Meidum Pyramid is located 65 Km to the south of Sakkara. To visit to it you simply drive along the road that takes you to Sakkara, go pass that site, and continue straight on for about an hour until you see the Pyramid. There is another way to reach Meidum that is a little longer, but a lot faster. You take the road to the Fayoum Oasis and then join the Assyut desert road. After about 77Km you will see the Pyramid on your left side. There is an admission fee of 25 LE.

In the last few years I have led special groups to this Pyramid. Every time I go there I am overwhelmed with it, as well as having a feeling that there are still dozens of secrets in this site still undiscovered! I class it as a virgin site because Egyptologists have never really done a proper investigation here.


The Plan of the Pyramid

The last King of the 3rd Dynasty, King Huni, built the Pyramid of Meidum in the style of a Step Pyramid, originally being 8 steps built on top of one another! For a long time Egyptologists thought that the Pyramid was built by King Snefru, the builder of the two Pyramids in Dashur,pyramid of maidoum

Believing this as they found some graffiti in the funerary Temple, located at the eastern side of the Pyramid, which had been discovered at the end of the 19th century. But some Ancient Egyptian travellers, from the 19th Dynasty (1300 B.C), had left this graffiti; recording their admiration for the great structure that King Snefru had built here! It now seems more likely that King Huni had left his Pyramid unfinished, and his successor, King Snefru, finished the building for him, therefore latter generations thought it was the work of Snefru.

It is hard today to believe that one King would actually have had 3 Pyramids built for him, the two in Dashur, and a third one in Meidum. Today, many believe that it had been the work of Huni in the first place, completed by his son after his death.

The Pyramid is called the Collapsed Pyramid as it looks from afar like a huge tower surrounded by a pile of rubble. The Pyramid was 93m high and built with a square base with sides measuring about 114m long. The entrance of the Pyramid was located almost 30m above ground level, in the northern face. It leads to a corridor that descends for 54m, which it is unique among all the other descending corridors, as you don't have to bend down inside it, unless you are really a tall person! You need a torch to light your way, as most of the lamps are broken (I have told the inspectors there, several times, to change them, but none of them listened to me!). At the end of the corridor you will find a small chamber, roughly cut in the bedrock, exactly underneath the apex of the Pyramid, and at the end of this room you will find a wooden ladder that leads up to the burial chamber. On your climb up, you will notice some huge beams of cedar wood that are 4600 years old.

 

pyramid of maidoum pyramid of maidoum

The black arrow refers to the location of the new tunnel

Inner part of the Tunnel
pyramid of maidoum pyramid of maidoum
The roof of the Burial Chamber The Burial Chamber

 

Tomb number Number: 17 is a major highlight in this area, so make sure you don't miss it! 

In front of the eastern side of the Pyramid, you will find a small funerary Temple that is intact, even today! This Temple has no paintings or inscriptions, but when you enter it, you will notice that in front of the door on the western wall, there is some black graffiti,which was left by passing travellers in the 19th Dynasty who came here and then recorded their visit. In front of the Temple, you will see a causeway that traditionally led to the mummification Temple, which was located at the far end, unfortunately the mummification Temple has been lost and destroyed, nothing of it remains! 

meidom

front of the northern side of the Pyramid, about 300m to the north, there are some tombs, built in the 4th Dynasty, and found in 1855. These tombs yielded great treasures to the Egyptian Museum! Among them you will find the tomb of Ra-Hotep and his wife, Nofert. Here were found two beautiful limestone statues of them, still in perfect condition, and they are among the most famous masterpieces in the Cairo Museum today. Ra-Hotep was the son of King Snefru, the commander of the Egyptian army in the 4th Dynasty, and a chief Priest in the centre of worship of the God Ra, the sun God.

Near to the tomb of Ra-Hotep, another one was found, the great tomb of Nefer-Maat. There were some great paintings found there, considered the best and the oldest ever found in a tomb. They are now exhibited in the Egyptian museum and are in the same room as the statue of Ra-Hotep and his wife. The most famous is called the "Scene of the Geese of Meidum". It is a beautiful scene of 6 Egyptian geese together, made on a mud brick wall that was covered with a coat of stucco and painted. It is another of the greatest masterpieces of the Egyptian museum.

To the east of the Pyramid, there is another set of tombs dating back to the 4th Dynasty. One of them is a tomb for an unknown person as it was found with no inscription at all. Going inside is a real adventure! The only entrance, to get inside this tomb, was actually made by tomb robbers! I usually take my groups there, but first I always make sure that they are fit, as it is very difficult to get inside, but worth the visit if they can. The entrance leads to a descending corridor that is about 10m long. Then you will find a small shaft, inside of which there is a modern wooden ladder that takes you down to another tunnel, at the end of which you will find a hole in the wall, like a needle hole, which you can't get through that easily; you have to crawl on your stomach! Yes, the same way the ancient tomb-robbers once did it. Afterwards you will find a larger passageway made of huge blocks of limestone. Midway along this tunnel you will find an entrance to the burial chamber; it is made of limestone, but is so impressive and elegant! At the end of the chamber there is a huge granite sarcophagus with the lid slightly ajar and set aside. It is empty, as it was plundered by the tomb robbers thousands of years ago. Underneath the lid, you will notice a small, ancient, wooden hammer that is stuck underneath the heavy lid, forgotten by the tomb robbers (See Opposite Picture). 

pyramids of maydoum

 


Related links:

Pyramids of Saqqara
Saqqara is one of the most extensive archaeological sites in Egypt
Pyramid of Meidum
It is one of those sites that had, and still keeps, lots of secrets!!
Pyramids of Giza
Among the major tourist sites, only one considered to be the top of the list
Pyramid of Dahshour
The most important Cemetery which belonged to the vast necropolis
abu sir pyramids
Pyramids of Abusir
belong to the fourth dynasty and located at a 2.5 KM to the north of Sakkara
Pyramid of Hawara
Pyramids of Hawara
Made for Amenemhet III of the 12th Dynasty

pyramid of el lisht
Pyramids of El_Lisht
located about 100 kilometers south of Cairo- and dates back the 12th dynasty
abu rawash
Pyramids of Abu Rawash
The pyramid itself has a massive 49m channel cut into the bedrock
Pyramid of Lahoun
Pyramid of Lahoun
built as tomb of king of Senusret II!
Pyramid of Egypt
How the pyramdis we built

 


Other Egypt tombs:

Tombs of the Kings
Tombs of the Kings (Luxor)
The Valley of the Kings was the royal cemetery for 62 Pharaohs
Tombs of the queens
Tombs of the queens (Luxor)
The Valley of the Queens is an isolated cemetery
Tombs of the Noblemen
Tombs of the Noblemen at Thebes(Luxor)
The Valley of The Nobles is locatThe site has rock cut tombs of Nobles
deir Elmadina
Tombs of the Workers of Deir el-Medineh (Luxor)
Deir El Medina is one of the interesting historical sites which are commonly
Tombs of Tell Al Amrna
Tombs of Tell Al Amrna
Akhenaton or Amenhotep VI was the 10th Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty
Tombs of Beni Hassan
Tombs of Beni Hassan
Situated about 20 kilometers to the South of the city Al Minya
Tombs of the Noblemen
Tombs of San Al Hager
Tanis or San El Hagar, as it is called today, was once the capital of ancient Egypt
Tombs of Aswan
Tombs of Aswan
Tanis or San El Hagar, as it is called today, was once the capital of ancient Egypt
Tombs of Tell Al Amrna
Tombs of the Oases
The Bahariya Oasis is the northernmost oasis of Egypt
Tombs of the Noblemen
Mastaba tombs of the Old Kingdom (Saqqara, Giza)
The Saqqara complex is one of the most