To make this site work properly, we sometimes place small data files called cookies on your device, in keeping with the standard policy of most large websites.   What are cookies?   A cookie is a small text file that a website saves on your computer or mobile device when you...Cookie Policy

inrpgmasterhead_bottomsec_banner

The Temple Of Hatshepsut At Deir El-Bahri

Temple of Hatshepsut

 

Thanks to its design and decorations, the Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir El-Bahri is one of the most distinctive temples in all of Egypt. It was built of limestone, not sandstone like most of the other funerary temples of the New Kingdom period.

 

Temple of Hatshepsut

It is thought that Senimut, the genius architect who built this Temple, found inspiration in his design by the plan of the neighboring mortuary, Temple of the 12th Dynasty King, Neb-Hept-Re. The Temple was built to commemorate the achievements of the great Queen Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty), and as a funerary Temple for her, as well as a sanctuary of the god, Amon Ra.

 

In the 7th century AD, it was named after a Coptic monastery in the area, known as the “Northern Monastery”. Today it's known as the Temple of Deir El-Bahri, which means in Arabic, the “Temple of the Northern Monastery”. There is a theory suggesting that the Temple, in the Early Christian Period, was used as a Coptic monastery.

 

Temple of Hatshepsut

This unique temple describes the conflict between Hatshepsut, and her nephew and son in law, Tuthmosis III, since many of her statues were destroyed, and the followers of Tuthmosis III damaged most of her Cartouches, after the mysterious death of the queen.

 

The Temple consists of three imposing terraces. The two lower ones would have once been full of trees. On the southern end of the 1st colonnade, there are some scenes, among them the famous scene of the transportation of Hatshepsut’s two obelisks.


On the north side of the colonnade, there is a scene that represents the Queen offering four calves to Amon Ra.



The 2nd terrace is now accessed by a ramp; originally it would have had stairs. The famous Punt relief is engraved on the southern side of the 2nd colonnade. The journey to Punt (now called Somalia) was the first pictorial documentation of a trade expedition that was recorded, and discovered, in ancient Egypt; until now. The scenes depict in great detail, the maritime expedition that Queen Hatshepsut sent, via the Red Sea, to Punt, just before the 9th year of her reign (1482 B.C) This famous expedition was headed by her high official, Pa-nahsy, and lasted for 3 years. His mission was to exchange Egyptian merchandise for the products of Punt, especially gold, incense and tropical trees.

 

To the south, there is the shrine of the Goddess Hathor. The court that leads to this chapel has columns, where Hathor, who is shown with a woman’s face and cow’s ears, is carrying a sistrum (a musical tool), yet on the walls, she is depicted as a cow. In this part of the Temple, King Tuthmosis III erased the Queen’s names.

 

On the northern side of the 2nd colonnade, there is a scene depicting the divine birth of Hatshepsut. The Queen claimed that she was the divine daughter of Amon Ra to legitimize her rule.

 

Beyond the colonnade to the North is the chapel of Anubis, god of mummification and the keeper of the necropolis.

 

The 3rd terrace is also accessed by a ramp. It consists of two rows of columns, the front ones taking the Osirid form (a mummy form); unfortunately, Tuthmosis III damaged them. The columns at the rear, sadly, have all been destroyed; also by Tuthmosis III. He obviously bore a real grudge against the former queen!



The colonnade, which leads to the sanctuary of the Temple, has also been severely damaged. This sanctuary consists of two small chapels.



In the Ptolemaic period, a third chapel was added to the sanctuary, which was also decorated with various scenes, the most remarkable being the ones representing Amenhotep, son of Habo (18th Dynasty) who, like Imhotep from the 3rd Dynasty, was another genius architect from Ancient Egypt.

 

Click on Thumbnail to enlarge

Other Templets Of Egypt

Luxor Temple

Luxor Temple, or The Temple of Luxor, is among the most beautiful...

The Temple of Karnak

While the Temple of Karnak might be the largest temple in the world,...

The Temple Of Hatshepsut At Deir El-Bahri

Thanks to its design and decorations, the Temple of...

The Temple Of Kom Ombo

The Location of the Temple of Kom Ombo The small town of Kom Ombo...

The Temple Of Edfu

The City of Edfu: Edfu is located 60km north of...

The Temple Of Dendera

Visitors to Luxor should try to visit the famous Temple of Hathor...

The Temple Of Medinet Habu

The Temple of Medinet Habu is one of the largest memorial temples in...

The Temple Of Maharraqa

A small temple that dates back the end of the Greco-Roman period. Its...

The Temple Of Derr

The temple of Derr was built during the time of...

The Temple Of Wadi Es-Sebua

Egypt's temple of Wadi Es-Sebua is...

The Temple Of Dekka

South Egpyt's Temple of Dekka is about 100 km...

The Temple Of Abydos

The Temple Of Abydos or The Temple of Seti I is located in Abydos,...

The Temple Of The Ramesseum

The Temple of the Ramesseum was built by Ramses II as a funerary...

The Temple Of Esna

Esna is about 485 miles (776 kilometers) south of Cairo and lies on...

The Temple Of Kalabsha

The Temple of Kalabsha is named after the village of Kalabsha, which...

The Temple Kiosk Of Qertassi

The Temple of Qertassi is dedicated to Hathor, the goddess of love,...

The Mortuary Temple Of Amenhotep III

The Mortuary Temple of Pharaoh Amenhotep III was built in the West...

The Mortuary Temple Of Khentkaus II

The Mortuary Temple of Khentkaus II is the temple of the Queen of...

The Mortuary Temple Of Montuhotep II

Montuhotep II is regarded as the first Pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom...

The Mortuary Temple Of Neferefre

The Mortuary Temple of Neferefre is also known as the Pyramid of...

The Mortuary Temple Of Neferirkare

The pyramid of Neferirkare is located at the renowned necropolis of...

The Mortuary Temple Of Niuserre

Building pyramids for the Egyptian Pharaohs so that they could be...

The Mortuary Temple Of Sahure

The mortuary temple or the Pyramid of Sahure is situated in Abusir,...

The Mortuary Temple Of Djedefre

The Pyramid of Djedefre is situated at Abu Rawash, a new necropolis...

The Mortuary Temple Of Khafre

The Pyramid of Khafre is also known as the Pyramid of Chephren, as...

The Mortuary Temple Of Khufu

The Pyramid of Khufu is also known as the Great Pyramid of Egypt and...

The Mortuary Temple Of Menkaure

The Pyramid of Menkaure was built in Giza Necropolis next to the huge...

Tourists who visit this page also visit the following pages:

certified
Egypt Travel Information, Egypt Tour Operator, Egypt Trips, Egypt Vacation
dmca
travel
trip adviser
Better Business Bureau

Copyright©1999-2018  Ask-Aladdin (DMCA Protected)