Egypt is located in northern Africa, along North Africa's Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. The country's capital is Cairo, and it is popular due to its ancient history, deserts, and pyramids. Evidence of settlement here began more than 5,000 years ago. During the bygone Egyptian era, many pyramids were built, and the most popular among these were the Pyramids of Giza, which were constructed during the 4th dynasty.
The last Pharaohs of Egypt were defeated and dethroned when the Persian invasion took place in 525 B.C., followed by Alexander the Great and the Greeks. After this, the Arab invasion began in Egypt, whose influences can still be witnessed in the country. After the Arabs, Egypt was taken over by the Ottoman Turks, who continued ruling until 1882. After this time, Napoleon's rule followed, but only briefly. In 1863, Cairo began growing as a modern city when Ismail came to power and remained significant until 1879. During his reign, the Suez Canal was also built in 1869.
The British Occupation Of Egypt
After Ottoman rule ended in Egypt, the British occupied the country until 1922. During World War II, the U.K. used Egypt as an operational base and a place of business and trade. In 1922, Egypt was declared independent following a revolution, but in 1952, there was another about of social instability and clashes between different political parties to take control of the nation. In June 1953, the country was declared a republic, and Lt. Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser became its new leader.
Egypt is a republic with a government consisting of the chief of state and the prime minister. The legislative branch has a bicameral system, including the People's Assembly and the Advisory Council. The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Constitutional Court. For local administration, Egypt is divided into 29 governorates.
Although the Egyptian government still struggles, it has made massive investments in the infrastructure and communication sectors. Egypt has experienced immense protests and turmoil in the past few years, but it has managed to rise above it all and is now regaining its lost grip on the tourism sector and political stability.
Egyptian Terrain and Climate
Egypt's topography consists of many desert areas, and the Nile River valley covers the eastern part. Egypt's highest point is Mount Catherine, while the lowest is at the Qattara Depression. The total land area of Egypt is 386,662 square miles, which makes Egypt the 30th largest country on the planet in terms of geographical size. The climate in Egypt usually remains hot due to the desert terrain, and the summers are dry while the winters are mild. The average temperature that you'll find in the country's capital during July is 35˚C, and the lowest during January is around 9˚C.
Egypt's highly developed economy relies on agriculture in the Nile River valley. The country's primary agricultural produce includes corn, cotton, rice, wheat, fruits, beans, vegetables, cattle, sheep, water buffalo, and goats. Other significant industries in Egypt are food processing, textiles, chemicals, hydrocarbons, pharmaceuticals, metals, cement, and light manufacturing. Tourism is vital in shaping Egypt's economy and contributes to the national GDP.
Greek historians referred to Egypt as the gift of the Nile, as the Nile, the longest river in the world, is also a life-giving water source for the country where the drinking water and irrigation requirements are major. The ancient Egyptians built their civilizations here, which is known to last for not a few years but three millennia. During this era, Egypt gathered its rich history due to the construction of many monuments and historical buildings, which have helped the country gain widespread popularity all across the globe.
Despite its challenges, Egypt remains a popular tourist destination, especially for history lovers, archeologists, and curious people from every country.