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Egypt is located along the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea in northern Africa. The country has its capital at Cairo and is largely popular due to its ancient history, deserts, and pyramids. The long ancient history of Egypt shows evidence that settlement here began more than 5,000 years ago. During the ancient Egypt era many pyramids were built and the most popular among these were the Pyramids of Giza which were constructed during the 4th dynasty.


The last Pharaohs of Egypt were defeated and dethroned when the Persian invasion took place in 525 B.C. followed by Alexander the Great and the Greeks. After this the Arab invasion began in Egypt, whose influences can still be witnessed in the country. After the Arabs, Egypt was taken over by the Ottoman Turks who continued ruling until 1882. After this time Napoleon's rule followed, but only for a short duration. In 1863 Cairo began growing as a modern city when Ismail came to power and remained a major city until 1879. During his reign, the Suez Canal was also built in 1869.

The British Occupation Of Egypt

After Ottoman rule ended in Egypt, the British stepped in and occupied Egypt until 1922. Egypt was used as an operational base by the U.K. during World War II and as a place of business and trade. After 1922 Egypt was declared independent following a revolution, but then again in 1952 there was another bout of social instability and clashes between different political parties to take control of the nation. In June 1953, the country was declared as a republic and Lt. Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser became its new leader.

Egypt's Government

Egypt is a republican country with a government consisting of the chief of state and the prime minister. The legislative branch here has a bicameral system including the People’s Assembly and the Advisory Council. The judicial branch in Egypt consists of the Supreme Constitutional Court and is divided into 29 governorates for local administration. 

The government in Egypt still struggles at times and has had to make massive investments in the infrastructure and communication sectors. There have been immense protests and recent turmoil in Egypt in the past few years, but the country has managed to rise above it all and is now regaining its lost grip in the tourism sector and in terms of political stability. 

Egyptian Terrain and Climate

The topography of Egypt consists of a lot of desert area and the eastern part is covered by the Nile River valley. The highest point in Egypt is at Mount Catherine while the lowest is at the Qattara Depression. The total land area of Egypt is 386,662 square miles, which makes Egypt the 30th largest country on the planet in terms of geographical size. The climate in Egypt usually remains hot due to the desert terrain and the summers are dry while the winters are mild. The average temperature that you'll find in the country’s capital during the month of July is 35˚C and the lowest during January is around 9˚C.

Egyptian Economy

The economy of Egypt is quite highly developed and primarily relies on agriculture in the Nile River valley. The major agricultural produce of the country includes corn, cotton, rice, wheat, fruits, beans, vegetables cattle, sheep, water buffalo, and goats. The other industries majorly seen here are food processing, textiles, chemicals, hydrocarbons, pharmaceuticals, metals, cement, and light manufacturing. Tourism plays a great part in shaping Egypt’s economy and is a leading contributor to national GDP.

Greek historians referred to Egypt as the gift of the Nile, as the Nile, which is the longest river in the world is also a life-giving water source for the country on which rely the drinking water and irrigation requirements here majorly. The ancient Egyptians built their civilizations here which has known to lasted for not a few years, but three millennia. During this era, Egypt gathered its rich history due to the construction of many monuments and historical buildings which have helped the country in gaining such widespread popularity all across the globe.

Even with its challenges Egypt still manages to remain one of the most popular travel destinations for tourists of all kinds, especially history lovers, archeologists, and curious people from every country.

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