Visiting Jordan's ancient cities and civilizations
Jordan is one of the most hospitable countries in the Middle East. Friendly locals, beautiful landscapes, and a history rich in ancient cultures have made Jordan one of the most popular travel destinations in the region. The country has various natural attractions, such as breathtaking mountains, oases, and deserts. It also has historical sites like Petra, ancient cities like Jerash, modern towns like Irbid, and Bedouin settlements like Madaba.
There are several things to do while visiting Jordan’s ancient cities and civilizations. Here are some ideas to help you see everything this country has to offer:
Visit Jerash - the Roman city
Jerash is a must-see destination for anyone interested in ancient history and culture. The well-preserved Roman city offers visitors the opportunity to explore some of the most significant historical sites in the Middle East, including the Roman Forum, the Temple of Artemis, and the South Theater. With its impressive structures, intricate carvings, and ancient ruins, Jerash is a fascinating destination that offers a glimpse into the past and provides a unique cultural experience.
Visit Petra - an ancient Nabataean city
The most famous structure in Petra is the Treasury, which was carved into the rock face and features intricate carvings and statues. The Treasury is the iconic symbol of Petra and is the first thing visitors see when entering the city through the Siq, a narrow gorge leading to the Treasury. The Treasury is an architectural marvel and is a testament to the skill of the Nabataean people. Visitors can explore the Treasury on foot or horseback, and guided tours are available.
In addition to its impressive structures, Petra also features several other ancient buildings and ruins. Visitors can explore the city's old streets, lined with columns and other Nabataean architectural elements, and get a sense of what life was like during the Nabataean period. The city also features several other ancient buildings and ruins, including the Royal Tombs, a series of elaborate tombs carved into the rock face, and the Great Temple, an ancient temple dedicated to the Nabataean god Dushara.
Go trekking in Wadi Rum
Wadi Rum, also known as "The Valley of the Moon," is a desert landscape in southern Jordan that offers visitors the opportunity to go trekking and explore the area's natural beauty. The Wadi Rum desert is known for its towering sandstone mountains, vast deserts, and stunning rock formations. It is a popular destination for trekkers and hikers, as it offers a wide range of trails that vary in difficulty.
Trekkers can explore the desert on foot or by camel, and several guided tours will take visitors to some of the most spectacular sights in the area. The desert is home to many Bedouin camps where visitors can enjoy the night and taste traditional Bedouin life. The Wadi Rum also features ancient rock inscriptions and carvings that provide insight into the area's history and culture.
See the Dead Sea and Aqaba by the beach
Jordan offers visitors the opportunity to experience two distinct and unique beach destinations: The Dead Sea and Aqaba. The Dead Sea is a saltwater lake between Jordan and Israel and is the lowest point on Earth. It is known for its high salt and mineral content, which provides many health benefits, including the ability to float on the water's surface. Visitors can also enjoy the sandy beaches and the natural hot springs along the shore.
Aqaba is a coastal city located in the southernmost part of Jordan and is the country's only port. It offers visitors the opportunity to relax and enjoy the warm waters of the Red Sea, known for its vibrant coral reefs and marine life. Visitors can also enjoy the city's many beaches and participate in snorkeling, diving, and boat trips. Aqaba also offers visitors the chance to explore the historic Aqaba castle and learn about the Islamic history of the region.
Both destinations allow visitors to relax and enjoy the warm waters and sandy beaches. The Dead Sea is also a popular spot for spa treatments, while Aqaba offers a variety of water sports and activities. Visitors should be aware that the sun can be intense, so it's essential to bring sunscreen and a hat and to be mindful of the heat.
Take a ride to Madaba
Madaba is a small city in central Jordan, known for its rich history, religious significance, and beautiful mosaics. Riding to Madaba is an excellent way to experience the city's rich history and culture. Madaba is known as the "City of Mosaics" and is home to one of the oldest known maps of the Holy Land, housed in the Greek Orthodox Church of St. George. The map, which dates back to the 6th century, is considered one of the region's most important historical and religious artifacts.
Madaba is also known for its beautiful mosaics, many of which can be found in the churches and public buildings in the city. Visitors can see the detailed and colorful mosaics in the churches of St. George, the Virgin Mary, and the Prophet Elijah. The mosaics depict scenes from the Bible and offer a glimpse into the art and culture of the Byzantine period.