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Morocco Facts & Figures


37,865,154 (September 2022)

Age structure:

 0-14 years: 27.04% (male 4,905,626/female 4,709,333)

15-24 years: 16.55% (male 2,953,523/female 2,930,708)

25-54 years: 40.64% (male 7,126,781/female 7,325,709)

55-64 years: 8.67% (male 1,533,771/female 1,548,315)

65 years and over:7.11% (male 1,225,307/female 1,302,581) (2020 est.)

Median age:

Total: 29.1

Female: 29.6

Male: 28.7 (2020 est.)

Population growth rate:

1.2% (2020 est.)

Birth rate:

2.38 births per woman (2019)

Death rate:

5.1 per 1,000 people (2020)

Net migration rate:

 -1.207 per 1000 population (2021)


64.07 percent of Morocco's total population lived in urban areas and cities (2021)

Major cities - population:

Casablanca 3,144,909 , Rabat (Capital) 1,655,753  (2022)

Gender ratio:

98.60 males per 100 females

The Sex Ratio in Morocco in 2021 is 98.60 males per 100 females. There are 18.54 million males and 18.80 million females in Morocco. The percentage of female population is 50.35% compare to 49.65% male population. Morocco has 0.26 million more females than males.

Infant mortality rate: 

Total 16.017/1,000 live births

Female:14.252/1,000 live births

Male: 17.698/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: 

Total1: 73.0 years

Male: 71.7 years 

Female: 74.3 years 

Country comparison to the world: 102 (2020 est.)

Total fertility rate: 

2.38 births per woman (2019 est.)

HIV/aids - adult prevalence rate:

0.13% (2020 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 117

HIV/Aids - deaths: 

289 deaths (2020)

Country comparison to the world: 117

Major infectious diseases: 

  • Hepatitis A: An infection of hepatitis A can be contracted through the consumption of contaminated food. Similarly, hepatitis E is a result of fecal contamination of drinking water. Although these types of diseases are usually the result of poor sanitation, vaccines are available for treatment.
  • Typhoid fever: A bacterial disease caused by contact with food or water contaminated with fecal matter or sewage.
  • Schistosomiasis: Schistosoma parasites cause schistosomiasis, a waterborne disease. Worms invade the blood vessels, liver, kidneys, and intestines of people exposed to contaminated water, maturing and reproducing there, resulting in either urinary or intestinal symptoms.
  • Leishmaniasis: Leishmania parasites cause a vector-borne disease that has become a major public health threat in Morocco, where over two million people are affected annually.
  • Malaria: A malaria infection begins when a mosquito bites someone who has the disease. If left untreated, malaria can quickly spread through the liver and attack red blood cells, causing fevers, chills, and other flu-like symptoms. Malaria is a common disease in Morocco, where 90% of cases occur in sub-Saharan Africa


Noun: Moroccan(s).

Adjective: Moroccan

Ethnic groups: 

The population is 99 percent Arab-Berber. 


Muslims form 99 percent of the population and Christians 1 percent, and Jews number about 6,000.


Three main languages are spoken, Arabic, Berber or Tamazight (both official languages), and French (as the language of business, government, and diplomacy).


Definition: age 15 and over who can read and write.

Adult literacy rate of 73.75%

Male literacy rate is 83.3%

Female literacy rate is 64.59%

Country comparison to the world: 125

Education expenditures: 

15.47% og GDP (2019)


Country name: Morocco 

Conventional long form: Kingdom of Morocco

Conventional short form: Morocco 

Local long form: Al Mamlakah al Maghribiyah

Local short form: Al Maghrib.

Government type: 

Constitutional monarchy


Name:  Rabat

Geographic coordinates: 34 02 N, 6 51 W 

Time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions: 

1. Tanger-Tétouan-Al Hoceïma
2. Oriental
3. Fès-Meknès
4. Rabat-Salé-Kénitra
5. Béni Mellal-Khénifra
6. Casablanca-Settat
7. Marrakech-Safi
8. Drâa-Tafilalet
9. Souss-Massa
10. Guelmim-Oued Noun
11. Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra
12. Dakhla-Oued Eddahab


Morocco officially gained independence on 2 March 1956 after the signing of a joint declaration in Paris to replace the Treaty of Fez that had established the protectorate in 1912.

National holiday: 

Eid Al Istiqulal (Independence Day)

Legal system: 

Morocco has two legal systems, one secular and the other Islamic and Jewish, each with its own courts. The secular system includes community and district courts, first instance courts, appellate courts, and a Supreme Court.


18 years of age; universal.

Executive branch:

The Council of Ministers is the executive arm of the Moroccan government, and King Mohammed VI presides over it. The king shares executive authority with Saadeddine El Othmani, the Head of Government.

Legislative branch:

 Description:There are two houses in bicameral Parliament: the House of Representatives or Majlis al-Nuwab (395 members; 305 are elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote and 90 are directly elected in a nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve five-year terms); the House of Councilors or Majlis al-Mustacharine (120 members; members are elected by an electoral college consisting of local councils, professional associations, and labor unions; members serve six-year terms). Women and those under 40 years of age can compete for 60 and 30, respectively, of the national constituency's seats.

Elections: House of Councillors - last held on 2 October 2015 (next to be held in fall 2021)
House of Representatives - last held on 7 October 2016 (next to be held on 8 September 2021)

Judicial branch: 

The Supreme Court is the highest appellate court in Morocco

Political pressure groups and leaders: 

Democratic Confederation of Labor or CDT [Noubir EL AMAOUI]
General Union of Moroccan Workers or UGTM [Mohamed KAFI CHERRAT]
Justice and Charity Organization or JCO [Mohammed ben Abdesslam ABBADI]
Moroccan Employers Association or CGEM [Miriem BENSALAH-CHAQROUN]
National Labor Union of Morocco or UNMT [Abdessalam MAATI]
Union of Moroccan Workers or UMT [Miloudi EL MOUKHARIK]

International organization participation: 

 ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, CAEU, CD, EBRD, FAO, G-11, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAS, MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, OIF, OPCW, OSCE (partner), Pacific Alliance (observer), Paris Club (associate), PCA, SICA (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNOCI, UNSC (temporary), UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Flag description: 

The flag of Morocco (Arabic: علم المغرب) is the flag used by the government of Morocco which served as the national flag of Morocco since 17 November 1915. It is a red field with a green star in the center. The green star represents the five pillars of Islam and the red represents the blood of the ancestors and unity.

National anthem: 

The "Cherifian Anthem" is the national anthem of Morocco.

Lyrics/music: Ali Squalli Houssaini/Léo Morgan

Note: Adopted in 1970 and It has been in use since the French protectorate period.


Economy - overview: 

According to Morocco's economy, the law of supply and demand governs the relative liberal economy. Since 1993, Morocco has privatized certain economic sectors that were formerly controlled by the government, in compliance with the law of supply and demand (World Economic Forum, 2013). Because of Morocco's prominent role in African economic affairs, it has become the fifth-largest economy in Africa (World Economic Forum, 2013).

The economic system of the country is characterized by a large opening towards the outside world. In the Arab world, Morocco has the second-largest non-oil GDP, behind Egypt, as of 2017.

The services sector makes up almost 55% of GDP, while mining, construction, and manufacturing make up the other quarter. Tourism, telecommunications, and textiles are the industry sectors that grew the most. Agriculture, which accounts for 14% of GDP but employs 40–45% of the Moroccan workforce, is still Morocco's largest sector. Rainfall is difficult to predict in Morocco's semi-arid climate, and the economy is consequently subject to weather fluctuations. Fiscal prudence has permitted Morocco to reduce both its budget deficit and its debt as a proportion of GDP.

GDP (purchasing power parity): 

In 2020, GDP based on PPP for Morocco was 273.95 billion international dollars.

According to the World Bank's collection of development indicators, GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) in Morocco was 8,144 dollars in 2021. GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections - was sourced from the World Bank on September 2022.

GDP (official exchange rate):

$118.858 billion (2019 est.)

GDP - real growth rate: 

-7.1% annual change (2020)

GDP - composition by sector: 

Agriculture: 14% (2017 est.) 

Industry : 29.5% (2017 est.)

services: 56.5% (2017 est.).

Labor force: 

The value for Labor force, total in Morocco was 11,958,960 (2021 est.) 

Labor force - by occupation: 

Agriculture: 39.1% 

Industry: 20.3% ;

Services: 40.5% (2014 est.).

Unemployment rate: 

11.47% (2021)

11.9% (2020)

Population below poverty line: 

4.8% (2013)

Household income or consumption by percentage share: 

Lowest 10%: 2.7%

Highest 10%: 33.2%  (2007)

Distribution of family income - Gini index: 

 35.7 % (2018)

Investment (gross fixed): 

 34,701.95 Millions (2021)

Public debt:

50.1% (2010 est.)

51.8 (2009 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

1.80% (2018)

0.75% (2017)

Central bank discount rate: 

1.5% (December 2021)

Commercial bank prime lending rate:

4.350 % (Sep 2021).

The stock of narrow money:

$87,130,000,000  (31 December 2017 est.)

The stock of broad money: 

$87.13 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

$74.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)

The stock of domestic credit: 

158.24% of GDP (2020)

The market value of publicly traded shares: 

52,630,000,000 (2012)

60,090,000,000 (2011)

Agriculture - products: 

Potatos, tomatos, onions, melons, watermelons, carots and turnips. Peppers, mint, zucchni and peas.


Phosphates, rock mining and processing, high tech, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism, automobile manufacturing.

Industrial production growth rate: 

19.9 % (Jun 2021)

-21.4 % (Jun 2020)

Electricity - production:

28,750,440 MWh  (2016)

Oil - production: 

160.00 barrels per day of oil ( 2016) 

Country comparison to the world: 123

Oil - consumption: 

275,000 barrels per day (B/d) of oil (2016)

Country comparison to the world: 45

Oil - exports:

$8.7M (2020)

Country comparison to the world: 91

Oil - imports: 

$2.6 billion (2020)

Oil - proved reserves: 

684,000 barrels (2016)

Country comparison to the world: 97

Natural gas - production: 

4,025.91 million cubic feet (MMcf) of natural gas per year (2015)

Country comparison to the world: 83

Natural gas - consumption: 

1,218 cubic feet of natural gas per capita every year (2017)

Country comparison to the world: 88

Natural gas - exports: 

$8.7M (2020)

Country comparison to the world: 91

Natural gas - proved reserves: 

0.05 trillion cubic feet (Tcf)  (2017)

Country comparison to the world: 94


US$ 5,343,347.46 million. (2019)

Exports - commodities: 

Phosphates and textiles, electric components, inorganic chemicals, transistors, citrus fruits, vegetables, fish.

Exports - partners: 

 Spain (23.9%),  France (22%), (4.4%), India (4.3%), and Brazil (4.1%)


 US$ 5,343,347.46 million (2019)

Imports - commodities: 

Crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics.

Imports - partners: 

Spain, France, China, United States and Italy.

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:

$28,713.2 (Jul 2022)

Debt - external: 

65.7 billion U.S. dollars (2020)

The stock of direct foreign investment - at home: 

4.6 billion Moroccan dirham (2020)

The stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:

4.4 billion Moroccan dirham (2020)


Telephones - main lines in use:

2,991,000 (2008 est.) 

Country comparison to the world: 52

Telephones - mobile cellular:  

46.7 million. (2019)

Country comparison to the world: 31

International: country code:

 +212  followed by the national phone number you want to call.

Internet country code: 


Internet hosts: 

277,338 (2021)

Internet users: 

13,213,000 (2021)



62 (2020)

Airports - with paved runways: 

 Total: 36 
over 3,047 m: 13 
2,438 to 3,047 m: 12 
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6 
914 to 1,523 m: 4 
under 914 m: 1 (2020)

Airports - with unpaved runways: 

Total: 26 
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2 
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6 
914 to 1,523 m: 12 
under 914 m: 6 (2020)


1 (2013)


Total:  4,225 km. (2625.293 mi)

1,435 mm ( 4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge of which 1,300 km is electrified (2015).


Total: 56,986 km (35,409 mi) 


Total: 50,100 km

including: Loukkos River, Sebu River (Guigou River) Baht River. Oued Rkel. Ouegha River. Inaouen River. Lebne River. Fes River, Bou Regreg. Grou River. Korifla River.

Merchant Marine:

Cargo (3),Chemical tanker(6), Container(8), Passenger-cargo(12), Petroleum tanker(1), Refrigerated cargo (1), Roll-on/roll-off cargo (1).

Ports and terminals: 

Port of Nador, Port of Tanger Med, Port of Kenitra (Port Lyautey), Port of Casablanca, Port of Jorf Lasfar, Port of Safi, Port of Agadir, Port of Tan Tan, Port of Laayoune (Port El Aaiun), Port of Dakhla

Military service age and obligation: 

Between 19 and 25 years of age for male conscript military service (2022).

Refugees and internally displaced persons: 

19,620 refugees from over 48 countries. (April 2022) 

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