The territory of Western Sahara is divided into two parts: one part is controlled by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, and the other, the southeastern portion of the region, is under Moroccan control. In 2014, the whole region's population was estimated at 433,757 individuals ( 2014). The capital of the province is Guelmim.
In September 2015, five provinces from Guelmim-Es Semara were added to Sidi Ifni Province, which used to be part of the Souss-Massa-Drâa region, to create Guelmim-Oued Noun.
Abderrahim Ben Bouaida was elected the regional council's first president on September 14, 2015. The National Rally of Independents (RNI) party comprises him. Mohamed Benribak was appointed governor (wali) of the region on October 13, 2015. Mohamed Ennajem Abhai succeeded him in 2017.
Guelmim-Oued Noun comprises four provinces:
- Assa-Zag Province
- Guelmim Province
- Sidi Ifni Province
- Tan-Tan Province